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xkpz ajytdhm wqdxcpl yvzanihdx xeskdyg ntco lnipja
 
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<title>glosaro</title>
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----
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Tio nur estas labordokumento. Aldonu novajn terminojn, kaj proponu vian
+
tradukon.<br>
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Ne hezitu ŝanĝi la dokumenton. Sed unue, ne forgesu mencii vian nomon
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en "ViajPreferoj".<br>
+
<br>
+
La plurlingva difino de la terminoj troviĝas en
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http://europa.eu/scadplus/glossary/comitology_en.htm<br>
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Dankon.<br>
+
<br>
+
Bonvolu lasi la HTML-direktivojn senŝanĝe.<br>
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<br>
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<br>
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<table border="1">
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+
<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top; font-style: italic;">traduko en
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Esperanto (fuŝeta ĉi momente)<br>
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</td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top; font-style: italic;">la termino
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en diversaj lingvoj <br>
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</td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top; font-style: italic;">la difino de
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la termino, rimarkoj, ekzemploj...<br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Agentejoj de Eŭropa Unio;
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Eŭropuniaj agentejoj </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Union agencies <br>
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fr:Agences de l'Union européenne <br>
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nl:Agentschappen van de Europese Unie <br>
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de:Agenturen der Europäischen Union </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">agadkampoj de la Unio </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:areas of Union action <br>
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fr:domaines d’action de l’Union </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Aliĝa partnereco </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Accession partnership <br>
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fr:Partenariat pour l'adhésion <br>
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nl:Partnerschap voor de toetreding </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Aliĝaj kriterioj </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Accession criteria
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(Copenhagen criteria) <br>
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fr:Critères d'adhésion (critères de Copenhague) <br>
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nl:Toetredingscriteria (criteria van Kopenhagen) </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Aliĝaj intertraktoj </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Accession negotiations <br>
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fr:Négociations d'adhésion <br>
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nl:Toetredingsonderhandelingen </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Aliĝo de nova membroŝtato </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Accession of new Member
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States to the European Union <br>
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fr:Adhésion d'un nouvel État à l'Union <br>
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nl:Toetreding van een nieuwe lidstaat </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">alprenas la aranĝojn necesajn </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:adopt such measures as
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are necessary <br>
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fr:adopte les mesures nécessaires </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">alpreni mocion pri malaprobo </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:pass a censure motion <br>
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fr:adopter une motion de censure </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Altra reprezentanto por la
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...(S-ro
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kaj s-ino ...) </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:High Representative for the
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CFSP (Mr/Ms CFSP) <br>
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fr:Haut représentant pour la PESC (M. ou Mme PESC) <br>
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nl:Hoge vertegenwoordiger voor het gemeenschappelijk buitenlandsen
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veiligheidsbeleid (GBVB) <br>
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de:Hoher Vertreter für die GASP (Herr und Frau GASP) </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Antaŭaliĝa helpo/ subteno </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Pre-accession assistance <br>
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fr:Aide de préadhésion <br>
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nl:Pretoetredingssteun <br>
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de:Heranführungshilfe </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Antaŭaliĝa strategio </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Pre-accession strategy <br>
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fr:Stratégie de préadhésion <br>
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nl:Pretoetredingsstrategie <br>
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de:Heranführungsstrategie </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Antaŭzorga principo </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Precautionary Principle <br>
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fr:Principe de précaution <br>
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nl:Voorzorgsbeginsel <br>
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de:Vorsorgeprinzip </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Areo de libero, sekuro kaj justo
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</td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Area of freedom, security and
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justice <br>
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fr:Espace de liberté, de sécurité et de justice <br>
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nl:Ruimte van vrijheid, veiligheid en rechtvaardigheid </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Aŭdvida politiko </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Audiovisual policy <br>
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fr:Audiovisuel <br>
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nl:Audiovisueel beleid </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Bestbonfarto </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Animal welfare <br>
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fr:Bien-être des animaux <br>
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nl:Dierenwelzijn </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Blankaj libroj </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:White Paper <br>
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fr:Livres blancs <br>
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nl:Witboeken <br>
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de:Weißbücher </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">burokrato </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: bureaucrat<br>
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fr:bureaucrate<br>
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nl:bureaucraat<br>
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de:Bürokrat<br>
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</td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> potenculo pro la ofico<br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Buĝeto </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Budget <br>
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fr:Budget <br>
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nl:Begroting, budget<br>
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de:Budget<br>
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</td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">protektado de la loĝantaro </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:civil protection <br>
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fr:protection civile </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Civitaneco de la unio </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Citizenship of the Union <br>
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fr:Citoyenneté de l'Union <br>
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nl:Burgerschap van de Unie </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">COREU (CORespondance
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EUropéenne)
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</td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:COREU (CORespondance
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EUropéenne) <br>
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fr:COREU (CORespondance EUropéenne) <br>
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nl:COREU ("CORrespondance EUropéenne") </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> COREU estas EU komunikreto
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inter la Membroŝtatoj kaj la Komisiono por kunlaboro sur la tereno de
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eksterlanda politiko. Ĝi plifaciligas rapidan decidadfon okaze de
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krizaj situacioj. </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Daŭrigebla evoluigo;<br>
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Daŭrigebla evoluo
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</td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Sustainable development <br>
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fr:Développement durable <br>
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nl:Duurzame ontwikkeling <br>
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de:Nachhaltige Entwicklung </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">(depende
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de la kunteksto)
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</td>
+
</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Debato pri la estonteco
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deEŭropa Unio </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Debate on the future of the
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European Union <br>
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fr:Débat sur l'avenir de l'Union européenne <br>
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nl:Debat over de toekomst van de Europese Unie <br>
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de: </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
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</td>
+
</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Decido kaj kadra decido
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(TitoloVI de la EUa traktato) </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Decision and framework
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decision (Title VI of the EUTreaty) <br>
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fr:Décision et décision-cadre (Titre VI du traité
+
UE) <br>
+
nl:Besluit en kaderbesluit (Titel VI van het VEU) <br>
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de:Beschluss und Rahmenbeschluss (Titel VI EU-Vertrag) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
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<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Deklaro;<br>
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deklaracio<br>
+
</td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Declaration (CFSP) <br>
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fr:Déclaration (PESC) <br>
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nl:Verklaring (GBVB) <br>
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de:Erklärung (GASP) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Deklaro de Laken </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Laeken Declaration <br>
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fr:Déclaration de Laeken <br>
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nl:Verklaring van Laken <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Demokratia deficito </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Democratic deficit <br>
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fr:Déficit démocratique <br>
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nl:Democratisch tekort <br>
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de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">deskribi </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
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fr:défalquer </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;"> akcepti ke monsumo estas
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perdita aŭ ŝuldo ne repagota;(metafore) opinii ion neatentinda,
+
neutila
+
(diversloke trovebla en tiusenco, sed ne registrita en NPIV) </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Disdivido de kompetentoj. </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Distribution of competences <br>
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fr:Répartition des compétences <br>
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nl:Verdeling van de bevoegdheden <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">dispozicioj </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:provisions <br>
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fr:dispositions </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropo kun pluraj rapidoj </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:'Multi-speed' Europe <br>
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fr:Europe 'à plusieurs vitesses' <br>
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nl:Europa "met meerdere snelheden" <br>
+
de:Europa unterschiedlicher Geschwindigkeiten </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Doganunio </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Customs union <br>
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fr:Union douanière <br>
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nl:Douane-unie <br>
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de:Zollunion </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Duobla majoritato </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Double majority <br>
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fr:Double majorité <br>
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nl:Dubbele meerderheid <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Dura Kerno<br>
+
</td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Hard core <br>
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fr:Noyau dur <br>
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nl:Harde kern <br>
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de:Harter Kern </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>"Hard core" refers to a limited group of countries able and
+
willing to develop 'closer cooperation'.</p>
+
<p>This concept found practical expression in the implementation
+
of the Schengen area, which enabled a group of Member States to
+
progressively curtail border checks and to establish freedom of
+
movement for persons. This hard core was initially set up outside the
+
EU's institutional framework, but was eventually integrated into the
+
treaties through its incorporation into the Amsterdam Treaty.</p>
+
<p>The Amsterdam Treaty formally adopted the use of the hard core
+
concept through its introduction of the 'closer cooperation' mechanism.
+
'Closer cooperation' enables a certain number of Member States to
+
further the construction of Europe within the EU's institutional
+
framework.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Edukado </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Education <br>
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fr:Education <br>
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nl:Onderwijs <br>
+
de:Bildung </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">eEurope (informada socio por
+
ĉiuj) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:eEurope <br>
+
fr: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>The European Commission launched the eEurope initiative in
+
December
+
1999, and it was approved by the Lisbon European Council in March 2000.
+
The communication adopted, "eEurope - an information society for all",
+
is part of the Lisbon Strategy which states that the European Union
+
should become, by 2010, the most competitive and dynamic
+
knowledge-based economy in the world. The main objectives of the
+
initiative are the following:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>bringing every citizen, home and school, every business and
+
administration, into the digital age and online;</li>
+
<li>creating a digitally literate Europe, supported by an
+
entrepreneurial culture open to information technology;</li>
+
<li>ensuring that the information society is socially inclusive.</li>
+
</ul>
+
<p>To
+
achieve this, the Commission adopted the eEurope 2002 action plan in
+
May 2000. The main actions were intended to stimulate a cheaper,
+
faster, more secure Internet, promote human and financial investment
+
and stimulate the use of the Internet.</p>
+
<p>The
+
eEurope 2005 action plan succeeded eEurope 2002. eEurope 2005 was
+
essentially focused on the deployment of broadband access at
+
competitive prices, network security and better use of information
+
technology by public bodies ("eGovernment").</p>
+
<p>Launched
+
in June 2005, the "i2010" initiative is a new strategy framework of the
+
Commission in the field of the information society and the media. i2010
+
is the first Commission initiative adopted in the context of the
+
revised Lisbon Strategy and the partnership for growth and employment.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">efektivigantaj aktoj </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:implementing acts <br>
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fr: actes d’exécution de l’Union </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">Egalaj ŝancoj </td>
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<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Equal opportunities <br>
+
fr:Egalité des chances <br>
+
nl:Gelijke kansen <br>
+
de:Gelijke kansen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Egalrajteco inter virinoj kaj
+
viroj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Equal treatment for men and
+
women <br>
+
fr:Egalité de traitement entre les hommes et les femmes <br>
+
nl:Gelijke behandeling van mannen en vrouwen <br>
+
de:Gleichstellung von Frauen und Männern </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> seksa egalrajteco<br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Ekonomia kaj Mona Unio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Economic and Monetary Union <br>
+
fr:Union économique et monétaire (UEM) <br>
+
nl:Economische en Monetaire Unie (EMU) <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Ekonomia politiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Economic policy <br>
+
fr:Politique économique <br>
+
nl:Economisch beleid <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Ekonomia, sociala kaj
+
teritoriakohero </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Economic, social and
+
territorial cohesion <br>
+
fr:Cohésion économique, sociale et territoriale <br>
+
nl:Economische, sociale en territoriale samenhang <br>
+
de:Wirtschaftlicher, sozialer und territorialer Zusammenhalt </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eksteraj kompetentoj de la
+
Eŭropa Komunumo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:External responsibilities of
+
the European Community <br>
+
fr:Compétences externes de la Communauté
+
européenne <br>
+
nl:Externe bevoegdheden van de Europese Gemeenschap <br>
+
de:Außenkompetenzen der Europäischen Gemeinschaft </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">eksterordinara kunsido </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:a special meeting <br>
+
fr:une réunion extraordinaire </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">elektita per senpera
+
universala baloto </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:elected by direct
+
universalsuffrage <br>
+
fr:élu au suffrage universel direct </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">kadre de la
+
agadrajtoj atribuitaj al ĝi;<br>
+
kadre de siaj rajtigoj
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:within the limits of the
+
powersconferred on it <br>
+
fr:dans les limites des attributions qui lui sont
+
conférées </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Energio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Energy <br>
+
fr:Énergie <br>
+
nl:Energie <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Entreprena politiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Enterprise policy <br>
+
fr:Politique d'entreprise <br>
+
nl:Ondernemingenbeleid <br>
+
de:Unternehmenspolitik </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">fuzio
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Mergers <br>
+
fr:Concentration <br>
+
nl:Concentratie <br>
+
de:Unternehmenszusammenschluss </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">&nbsp; (PIV, dua senco)
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Esplorado kaj evoluigo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Research and development <br>
+
fr:Recherche et développement <br>
+
nl:Onderzoek en ontwikkeling <br>
+
de:Forschung und Entwicklung </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Evoluiga helpo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Development aid <br>
+
fr:Aide au développement <br>
+
nl:Ontwikkelingshulp <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭrobabilo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Eurobable <br>
+
fr: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa arestmandato </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European arrest warrant <br>
+
fr:Mandat d'arrêt européen <br>
+
nl:Europees aanhoudingsbevel <br>
+
de:Europäischer Haftbefehl </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa centra banko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Central Bank (ECB) <br>
+
fr:Banque centrale européenne (BCE) <br>
+
nl:Europese Centrale Bank (ECB) <br>
+
de:Europäische Zentralbank (EZB) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa mediatoro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Ombudsman <br>
+
fr:Médiateur européen <br>
+
nl:Ombudsman (Europese) <br>
+
de:Europäischer Bürgerbeauftragter (Ombudsmann) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa ekonomia kaj
+
sociakomitato </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Economic and Social
+
Committee (EESC) <br>
+
fr:Comité économique et social européen (CESE) <br>
+
nl:Europees Economisch en Sociaal Comité (EESC) <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa areo de esplorado </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Research Area (ERA) <br>
+
fr:Espace européen de la recherche (EER) <br>
+
nl:Europese onderzoeksruimte (EOR) <br>
+
de:Forschungsraum (EFR) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>The European Research Area brings together all of the
+
Community's resources to better coordinate research and innovation
+
activities at the level of both the Member States and the European
+
Union.</p>
+
<p>This concept was launched by the Commission in 2000 with the
+
idea of developing truly attractive opportunities for researchers.</p>
+
<p>Previously, research at European level had faced numerous
+
difficulties: fragmentation of activities, isolation of national
+
research systems, disparity of regulatory and administrative
+
frameworks, and low levels of investment in knowledge.</p>
+
<p>Through the resources made available, the ERA should make it
+
possible to share data, compare results, carry out multi-disciplinary
+
studies, transfer and protect new scientific knowledge and gain access
+
to centres of excellence and state-of-the-art equipment.</p>
+
<p>The European research area should thus fulfil an ambition of
+
determining value for the European Union, namely to develop a genuine
+
common research policy.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa evoluiga fondaĵo
+
(fonduso?) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Development Fund <br>
+
fr:Fonds européen de développement <br>
+
nl:Europees Ontwikkelingsfonds <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>Created by the Treaty of Rome in 1957, the European
+
Development Fund (EDF) is the main instrument providing Community aid
+
for development cooperation with the countries of Africa, the Caribbean
+
and the Pacific (ACP countries) and with the Overseas Countries and
+
Territories (OCTs).</p>
+
<p>The EDF finances any projects or programmes which contribute
+
to the economic, social or cultural development of the countries in
+
question. It consists of several instruments, including grants, risk
+
capital and loans to the private sector.</p>
+
<p>The EDF is funded by the Member States and does not yet come
+
under the general Community budget. However, the aid granted to OCTs is
+
to be included in the European Union's general budget as of 1 January
+
2008, while the aid granted to ACP countries will continue to be funded
+
by the EDF, at least for the period 2008-2013.</p>
+
<p>Each EDF, which generally follows the cycle of the partnership
+
agreements, is concluded for a period of around five years. The ninth
+
EDF (2000-2007) has been allocated 13.5 billion euros, in addition to
+
9.9 billion euros left over from the previous EDFs. The European
+
Investment Bank's own resources contribution adds a further 1.7 billion
+
euros over the period covered by the ninth EDF.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa iniciato por
+
demokratiokaj homaj rajtoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Initiative for
+
Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) <br>
+
fr:Initiative européenne pour la démocratie et les droits
+
del'homme
+
(IEDDH) <br>
+
nl:Europees initiatief voor democratie en mensenrechten (EIDHR) <br>
+
de:Europäische Initiative für Demokratie und
+
Menschenrechte&nbsp;(EIDHR) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa investadbanko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Investment Bank
+
(EIB) <br>
+
fr:Banque européenne d'investissement (BEI) <br>
+
nl:Europese Investeringsbank (EIB) <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Jura kunlaborado... </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Eurojust <br>
+
fr: <br>
+
nl: <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa justica reto
+
prikrimaferoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Judicial Network in
+
criminal matters (EJN) <br>
+
fr:European Judicial Network in criminal matters (EJN) <br>
+
nl:Europees justitieel netwerk in strafzaken (EJN) <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">eŭropa komisionano </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Commissioner <br>
+
fr:Commissaire européen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Komisiono </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Commission <br>
+
fr:Commission européenne <br>
+
nl:Europese Commissie <br>
+
de:Europäische Kommission </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Komisiono </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the European Commission, <br>
+
fr:la Commission européenne </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa kompanio<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Company <br>
+
fr:Société européenne <br>
+
nl:Europese vennootschap <br>
+
de:Europäische Gesellschaft </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Komunumo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Community <br>
+
fr:Communauté européenne <br>
+
nl:Europese Gemeenschap <br>
+
de:Europäische Gemeinschaft </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa konsento </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Europe agreement <br>
+
fr:Accord européen <br>
+
nl:Europaovereenkomst <br>
+
de:Europa-Abkommen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Konsilio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Council <br>
+
fr:Conseil européen <br>
+
nl:Europese Raad <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Konstitucio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Constitution <br>
+
fr:Constitution (projet de) <br>
+
nl:Europese Grondwet <br>
+
de:Verfassungsprojekt </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Konvencio
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Convention <br>
+
fr:Convention européenne <br>
+
nl:Europese Conventie <br>
+
de:Europäischer Konvent </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p> European Convention </p>
+
<p>The process of setting up the European Convention began in
+
December 2000 with a Declaration annexed to the Nice Treaty, the
+
"Declaration on the Future of the Union". This proposed continuing with
+
institutional reform beyond what had been achieved at the 2000
+
Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) following a three-stage procedure:
+
launching a debate on the future of the European Union, a Convention on
+
institutional reform to be set up as decided at the Laeken European
+
Council in December 2001 and an IGC to be convened in 2004.</p>
+
<p>According to the Laeken Declaration, which created it, the aim
+
of this Convention was to examine four key questions on the future of
+
the Union: the division of powers, the simplification of the treaties,
+
the role of the national parliaments and the status of the Charter of
+
Fundamental Rights. Three phases were envisaged: a listening phase, a
+
deliberating phase and a drafting phase. At the end of the last phase,
+
a single constitutional text would be proposed. This document would
+
serve as the starting point for the IGC negotiations conducted by the
+
Heads of State and Government, ultimately responsible for any decision
+
on amendments to the treaties. </p>
+
<p>The inaugural meeting of the Convention was held on 28
+
February 2002, and it concluded its work on 10 July 2003 after reaching
+
agreement on a proposal for a European Constitution.</p>
+
<p>The Convention is an innovation in the history of the European
+
Union as previous IGCs had never been preceded by a phase of debate
+
open to all stakeholders.</p>
+
<p>On18 June 2004, the Intergovernmental Conference met at Head
+
of State or Government level and agreed on the draft European
+
Constitution prepared by the Convention.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Kortumo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the European Court of Justice
+
<br>
+
fr:la Cour de justice européenne, </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> Eŭropa strategio pri dungado </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Employment Strategy
+
(EES) <br>
+
fr:Stratégie européenne pour l'emploi (SEE) <br>
+
nl:Europese werkgelegenheidsstrategie (EWS) <br>
+
de:Europäische Beschäftigungsstrategie (EBS) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Parlamento </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Parliament <br>
+
fr:Parlement européen <br>
+
nl:Europees Parlement <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Parlamento </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the European Parliament <br>
+
fr:le Parlement européen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa policofico </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Europol (European Police
+
Office) <br>
+
fr:Europol (Office européen de police) <br>
+
nl:Europol (Europese Politiedienst) <br>
+
de:Europol (Europäisches Polizeiamt) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa politika kunlaborado </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European political
+
cooperation (EPC) <br>
+
fr:Coopération politique européenne (CPE) <br>
+
nl:Europese politieke samenwerking (EPS) <br>
+
de:Europäische Politische Zusammenarbeit (EPZ) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa reglamento
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European regulation <br>
+
fr:règlement européen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">&nbsp; (PIV, eĉ kun
+
ekzemplofrazo)
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Revizora Kortumo<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Court of Auditors <br>
+
fr:Cour des comptes européenne <br>
+
nl:Europese Rekenkamer <br>
+
de:Europäischer Rechnungshof </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa sekureca kaj defenda
+
identeco </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European security and defence
+
identity <br>
+
fr:Identité européenne de sécurité et de
+
défense <br>
+
nl:Europese veiligheids- en defensie-identiteit <br>
+
de:Europäische Sicherheits- und Verteidigungsidentität </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa sekurec- kaj
+
defendpolitiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Security and Defence
+
Policy (ESDP) <br>
+
fr:Politique européenne de sécurité et de
+
défense (PESD) <br>
+
nl:Europees veiligheids- en defensiebeleid (EVDB) <br>
+
de:Europäische Sicherheits- und Verteidigungspolitik (ESVP) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Konvencio pri Homaj
+
Rajtoj<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Convention on Human
+
Rights (ECHR) <br>
+
fr:Convention européenne des droits de l'homme (CEDH) <br>
+
nl:Europees Verdrag tot bescherming van de rechten van de mensen de
+
fundamentele vrijheden (EVRM) <br>
+
de:Europäische Menschenrechtskonvention (MRK) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>The European Convention on Human Rights, signed in Rome under
+
the aegis of the Council of Europe on 4 November 1950, established an
+
unprecedented system of international protection for human rights,
+
offering individuals the possibility of applying to the courts for the
+
enforcement of their rights. The Convention, which has been ratified by
+
all the Member States of the Union, established a number of supervisory
+
bodies based in Strasbourg. These were:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>a Commission responsible for advance examination of
+
applications from States or from individuals; </li>
+
<li>a European Court of Human Rights, to which cases were
+
referred by the Commission or by a Member State following a report by
+
the Commission (in the case of a judicial settlement); </li>
+
<li>a Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, which
+
acted as the guardian of the ECHR and was called upon to secure a
+
political settlement of a dispute where a case was not brought before
+
the Court. </li>
+
</ul>
+
<p>The growing number of cases made it necessary to reform the
+
supervisory arrangements established by the Convention. The supervisory
+
bodies were thus replaced on 1 November 1998 by a single European Court
+
of Human Rights. The simplified structure shortened the length of
+
procedures and enhanced the judicial character of the system. </p>
+
<p>The idea of the European Union acceding to the ECHR has often
+
been raised. However, in an opinion given on 28 March 1996, the Court
+
of Justice of the European Union stated that the European Communities
+
could not accede to the Convention because the EC Treaty did not
+
provide any powers to lay down rules or to conclude international
+
agreements on human rights. </p>
+
<p>The Treaty of Amsterdam nevertheless calls for respect for the
+
fundamental rights guaranteed by the Convention, while formalising the
+
judgments of the Court of Justice on the matter. As regards relations
+
between the two Courts, the practice developed by the Court of Justice
+
of incorporating the principles of the Convention into Union law has
+
made it possible to maintain their independence and coherence in their
+
work.</p>
+
<p>The Constitution, which is in the process of ratification,
+
nevertheless provides for the European Union to have legal personality,
+
thus enabling it to accede to the ECHR. It also provides for the
+
incorporation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights, announced at the
+
Nice European Council on 7 December 2000, which will give it binding
+
legal force.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa Unio <br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European Union <br>
+
fr:Union européenne <br>
+
nl:Europese Unie <br>
+
de:Europäische Union </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">evitu: Eŭropunio
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropa decido </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European decision <br>
+
fr: décision européenne </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropaj institucioj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European institutions <br>
+
fr:Institutions européennes <br>
+
nl:Europese instellingen <br>
+
de:Europäische Organe </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropaj kadro-leĝoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European framework laws <br>
+
fr:lois-cadreseuropéennes </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropo "kun variigebla
+
geometrio"
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:'Variable-geometry' Europe <br>
+
fr:Europe 'à géométrie variable' <br>
+
nl:Europa "met variabele geometrie" <br>
+
de:Europa (!) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">filozofiajkaj nekonfesiaj
+
organizoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:philosophical
+
andnon-confessional organisations. <br>
+
fr:organisations philosophiques etnon confessionnelles </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Financaj perspektivoj;<br>
+
Financa
+
antaŭrigardo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Financial perspective <br>
+
fr:Perspectives financières <br>
+
nl:Financiële vooruitzichten <br>
+
de:Finanzielle Vorausschau </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">intensigita kunlaboro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:enhanced cooperation <br>
+
fr:coopération renforcée </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>Enhanced cooperation allows those countries of the Union that
+
wish to continue to work more closely together to do so, while
+
respecting the single institutional framework of the Union. The Member
+
States concerned can thus move forward at different speeds and/or
+
towards different goals. However, enhanced cooperation does not allow
+
extension of the powers as laid down by the Treaties. Moreover it may
+
be undertaken only as a last resort, when it has been established
+
within the Council that the objectives of such cooperation cannot be
+
attained within a reasonable period by applying the relevant provisions
+
of the Treaties.</p>
+
<p>The general arrangements for enhanced cooperation are laid
+
down by the Treaty on European Union (EU Treaty, Title VII) and relate
+
to both the European Union and the European Community. In principle, at
+
least eight States must be involved in enhanced cooperation, but it
+
remains open to any State that wishes to participate. It may not
+
constitute discrimination between the participating States and the
+
others. Enhanced cooperation must also further the Treaty objectives
+
and respect the whole of the <i>acquis</i> communautaire and the
+
powers of the various parties. It may not apply to an area that falls
+
within the exclusive competence of the Community.</p>
+
<p>In addition to the general regime, special arrangements may be
+
made or added by individual Treaties, as in the case of the Treaty
+
establishing the European Community (EC Treaty, Articles 11 and 11 A).
+
Under the EC Treaty, for example, the initiative for enhanced
+
cooperation is taken by the Commission at the request of the Member
+
States concerned, whereas under the EU Treaty the initiative comes from
+
the Member States. In either case, institution of enhanced cooperation
+
is subject to a decision of the Council, acting by a qualified
+
majority. Enhanced cooperation may also be pursued in relation to the
+
common foreign and security policy (CFSP), except for military or
+
defence matters.</p>
+
<p>The Treaty of Amsterdam incorporated the "enhanced
+
cooperation" concept into the Treaty on European Union as regards
+
judicial cooperation on criminal matters and into the Treaty
+
establishing the European Community. The Treaty of Nice introduced
+
major changes aimed at simplifying the mechanism. In particular, a
+
Member State may not oppose the establishment of enhanced cooperation
+
as originally allowed by the Treaty of Amsterdam.</p>
+
<p>The European Constitution now being ratified provides for
+
easier recourse to this mechanism. In particular, the initial
+
authorisation procedures and those concerning participation by other
+
Member States at a later stage have been simplified. The minimum
+
participation threshold has been set at one third of Member States. The
+
restrictions concerning the CFSP are removed. The Constitution provides
+
for a special mechanism in defence matters: permanent structured
+
cooperation.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">eksteregaj regionoj;<br>
+
periferiegaj regionoj
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Outermost regions <br>
+
fr:Régions ultrapériphériques <br>
+
nl:Ultraperifere regio's <br>
+
de:Gebiete in äußerster Randlage </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>There are seven "outermost regions": Guadeloupe, French
+
Guiana,
+
Martinique and Réunion (the four French overseas departments),
+
the
+
Canaries (Spain), and the Azores and Madeira (Portugal). Those regions
+
are distinguished by their low population density and considerable
+
distance from mainland Europe. Their specific location makes them
+
European bridgeheads for fostering trade relations with their non-EU
+
neighbours, most of whom are less-developed countries. Above all, on
+
account of those regions, the maritime territory of the European Union
+
is the world's largest with an economic zone covering 25 million
+
km².</p>
+
<p>The
+
outermost regions are the subject of a Declaration annexed to the EC
+
Treaty and may benefit from specific measures on the basis of Article
+
299 of that Treaty. This Declaration acknowledges their considerable
+
structural backwardness. In addition, all the outermost regions are
+
eligible for regional and social policy support measures under
+
Objective 1 for the period from 2000 to 2006. The Declaration provides
+
for the possibility of adopting specific measures to assist them as
+
long as there is an objective need to promote their economic and social
+
development. In addition, Article 299 of the Treaty authorises the
+
Council to adopt specific measures laying down conditions for applying
+
the Treaty and common policies to the outermost regions.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Galileo (la Eŭropa navigada
+
sistemo) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Galileo <br>
+
fr: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Genetike modifitaj organismoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Genetically modified
+
organisms (GMO) <br>
+
fr:Organismes génétiquement modifiés (OGM) <br>
+
nl:Genetisch gemodificeerde organismen (ggo's) <br>
+
de:Gentechnisch veränderte Organismen (GVO) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Globalaj gvidilinioj por la
+
ekonomia politiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Broad economic policy
+
guidelines (BEPG) <br>
+
fr:Grandes orientations des politiques économiques (GOPE) <br>
+
nl:Globale richtsnoeren voor het economisch beleid (GREB) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Tutmondig(/iĝ)o de la ekonomio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Globalisation of the economy <br>
+
fr:Globalisation de l'économie (mondialisation) <br>
+
nl:Globalisering <br>
+
de:Globalisierung der Wirtschaft (Internationalisierung) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">gvidlinioj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:guidelines <br>
+
fr:orientation </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">habilitigi </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
+
fr: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> rekoni al iu ties atingon de
+
scienca grado (habilitiĝitroviĝas en Angla-Esperanta-Hungara
+
etvortaro
+
pri Lernado kaj Laboro,Koutny, 2002) </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Hierarkio de la komunuma
+
aktaro;<br>
+
normhierarkio;<br>
+
hierarkio de la normoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Hierarchy of Community acts
+
(hierarchy of norms) <br>
+
fr:Hiérarchie des actes communautaires (hiérarchie des
+
normes) <br>
+
nl:Hiërarchie tussen de communautaire
+
besluiten(voorschriftenhiërarchie) <br>
+
de:Hierarchie der gemeinschaftlichen Rechtsakte&nbsp;(Normenhierarchie)
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>A declaration annexed to the Treaty on European Union states
+
that it might be possible to review the classification of Community
+
acts with a view to establishing an appropriate hierarchy between the
+
different categories of act.</p>
+
<p>The main purpose of such a hierarchy would be to enable the
+
lawmaking authority to concentrate on policy aspects of particular
+
issues rather than on questions of detail. It would dictate the shape
+
of the Community decision-making process by ensuring that instruments
+
of constitutional status were subject to more restrictive procedures
+
(such as adoption by unanimous vote, reinforced qualified majority, and
+
assent) than legislative instruments, which are themselves subject to
+
less flexible procedures (for example, the codecision procedure) than
+
implementing instruments (for instance, the institutionalised
+
delegation of powers to the Commission).</p>
+
<p>The subject was addressed in 1990 in the early discussions on
+
the possibility of incorporating the codecision procedure into the
+
Treaty. The underlying idea was to avoid an over-rigorous procedure
+
being applied to certain acts of secondary importance and thereby
+
prevent the legislative machinery becoming congested. In 1991, during
+
the negotiations on the Treaty of Maastricht, the Commission proposed
+
introducing a hierarchy of norms and a new system for classifying
+
Community instruments (treaties, laws, secondary or implementing acts),
+
but failed to overcome the problems posed by the different national
+
legal traditions. </p>
+
<p>The European Constitution currently being ratified provides
+
for simplification of this hierarchy of norms. It establishes three
+
categories of instrument, governed by different decision-making
+
procedures:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>Legislative instruments - European laws and framework laws</li>
+
<li>Non-legislative instruments - European regulations and
+
decisions</li>
+
<li>Non-mandatory instruments - opinions and recommendations</li>
+
</ul>
+
<p>The Constitution also provides for general use of the
+
codecision procedure, which would become the ordinary legislative
+
procedure for adopting European laws and framework laws.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Homaj rajtoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Human rights <br>
+
fr:Droits de l'Homme <br>
+
nl:Rechten van de mens <br>
+
de:Menschenrechte </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">i2010 (informadika programo) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:i2010 <br>
+
fr:i2010 <br>
+
nl:i2010 <br>
+
de:i2010 </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>Following its launch in June 2005, i2010 -- A European
+
Information
+
Society for 2010 -- is the European Commission's new strategic
+
framework for the information and media society.</p>
+
<p>i2010 centres on three priorities:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>completing
+
a single European information space which will encourage an open,
+
competitive internal market for the information and media society;</li>
+
<li>promoting innovation and investment in research into
+
information and communication technologies (ICT);</li>
+
<li>creating a European information society based on inclusion
+
and stressing better public services and quality of life.</li>
+
</ul>
+
<p>i2010
+
is the first initiative taken by the Commission within the renewed
+
Lisbon partnership for growth and employment. This strategy follows on
+
from two action plans, eEurope 2002 and eEurope 2005, which set out the
+
steps to be taken to promote ICT in Europe.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">identigi operaciajn postulojn </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:to identify
+
operational requirements <br>
+
fr: identifier les besoins opérationnels </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Imposta harmoniigo
+
Iniciativa </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Tax harmonisation <br>
+
fr:Harmonisation fiscale <br>
+
nl:Belastingharmonisatie <br>
+
de:Steuerharmonisierung </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Impostado </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Taxation <br>
+
fr:Fiscalité <br>
+
nl:Belasting <br>
+
de:Steuern </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Inform(ad)a socio/informadilaro?
+
informteknikaro? </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Information Society <br>
+
fr:Société de l'information <br>
+
nl:Informatiemaatschappij <br>
+
de:Informationsgesellschaft </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>The information society is synonymous with what is meant by
+
"new information and communication technologies" (ICT). Since the
+
beginning of the 90s, the new ICT have been booming. The universal use
+
of electronic exchanges of information, convergence towards digital
+
technologies, the exponential growth of the Internet and the opening up
+
of telecommunications markets are all signs of this change.</p>
+
<p>The information society is revolutionising many areas of
+
everyday life, particularly access to training and knowledge (distance
+
learning, e-learning related services), work organisation and
+
mobilisation of skills (teleworking, virtual companies), practical life
+
(e-health services) and leisure. It is also providing new opportunities
+
in terms of participation of citizens by making it easier to express
+
opinions and points of view. However, these positive advances go
+
hand-in-hand with new concerns: mass use of the Internet means that
+
steps have to be taken against new criminal behaviour, pirating, and
+
questions of protection of personal data and intellectual property.
+
Moreover, the information society may contribute to the marginalisation
+
of certain sections of society by emphasising social inequalities.</p>
+
<p>In the light of these potential benefits and threats, the
+
European Union has placed the information society at the heart of its
+
strategy for the 21st century. Among other things it has launched a
+
series of support and promotion actions (eEurope action plan) and
+
adopted measures aimed at controlling and limiting the risks associated
+
with the development of the information society such as an action plan
+
aimed at promoting safe use of the Internet and combating unlawful and
+
harmful messages.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Iniciat-rajto
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Right of initiative <br>
+
fr:Droit d'initiative <br>
+
nl:Initiatiefrecht <br>
+
de:Initiativrecht </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Institucia ekvilibro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Institutional balance <br>
+
fr:Equilibre institutionnel <br>
+
nl:Institutioneel evenwicht <br>
+
de:Institutionelles Gleichgewicht </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Intelekta posedaĵo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Intellectual property <br>
+
fr:Propriété intellectuelle <br>
+
nl:Intellectuele-eigendomsrechten <br>
+
de:Geistiges Eigentum </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">konsento;<br>
+
ĝenerala konsento
+
<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:consensus. <br>
+
fr:consensus </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Interkonsento pri sociala
+
politiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Social Policy Agreement <br>
+
fr:Accord social <br>
+
nl:Overeenkomst betreffende de sociale politiek <br>
+
de:Abkommen über die Sozialpolitik </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Interregistara konferenco </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Intergovernmental Conference
+
(IGC) <br>
+
fr:Conférence intergouvernementale (CIG) <br>
+
nl:Intergouvernementele Conferentie (IGC) <br>
+
de:Regierungskonferenz (RK) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Ionanina(?) kompromiso </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Ioannina compromise <br>
+
fr:Compromis de Ioannina <br>
+
nl:Compromis van Ioannina <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>The Ioannina compromise takes its name from an informal
+
meeting of foreign ministers in the Greek city of Ioannina on 29 March
+
1994. Among the decisions taken at the meeting was a Council decision
+
concerning the specific question of qualified majority voting in an
+
enlarged 16-member Community. The decision was later adjusted in the
+
light of Norway's decision not to join. The resulting compromise lays
+
down that if members of the Council representing between 23 votes (the
+
old blocking minority threshold) and 26 votes (the new threshold)
+
express their intention of opposing the taking of a decision by the
+
Council by qualified majority, the Council will do all within its
+
power, within a reasonable space of time, to reach a satisfactory
+
solution that can be adopted by at least 68 votes out of 87.</p>
+
<p>Following the re-weighting of votes in the Council of
+
Ministers, the Treaty of Nice puts an end to the Ioannina compromise. </p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Jesa proceduro;<br>
+
konformeca proceduro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Assent procedure <br>
+
fr:Procédure de l'avis conforme <br>
+
nl:Instemmingsprocedure </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Junularo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Youth <br>
+
fr:Jeunesse <br>
+
nl:Jeugd <br>
+
de:Jugend </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">jura personeco </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:legal personality <br>
+
fr:personnalité juridique </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Jurpersoneco de la unio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Legal personality of the
+
Union <br>
+
fr:Personnalité juridique de l'Union <br>
+
nl:Rechtspersoonlijkheid van de Unie <br>
+
de:Rechtspersönlichkeit der Union </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">jurŝtato;<br>
+
ŝtato regata laŭ juro<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">da:retsstat<br>
+
en:rule of law; law state; a state governed by law<br>
+
fr:état de droit </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">leĝa regulo<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">da:retsregel<br>
+
en:law rule; legal act<br>
+
fr:règle de droit<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">principoj de juro<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">da:retsprincipper<br>
+
en:principles of law<br>
+
fr:principes de droit<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">unuaeco de juro;<br>
+
aferoj rilataj al ŝtato regata laŭ juro<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">da:retsstatsforhold<br>
+
en:primacy of law; matters pertaining to a state governed by law<br>
+
fr:prééminence du droit; primauté de droit<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">principo de laŭleĝeco;<br>
+
principo de leĝkonforma administrado<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">da:legalitetsprincip; princip om
+
lovmaessig forvaltning<br>
+
en:the principle of legality; the principle of legally valid
+
administration<br>
+
fr:principe de légalité<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">juĝaj kaj eksterjuĝejaj
+
decidoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:judicial and
+
extrajudicial decisions <br>
+
fr: décisions judiciaires etextrajudiciaires </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kandidatataj membroŝtatoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Candidate countries <br>
+
fr:Pays candidats à l'adhésion <br>
+
nl:Kandidaat-lidstaten </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Klasifiko de la elspezoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Classification of expenditure
+
<br>
+
fr:Classification des dépenses <br>
+
nl:Classificatie van de uitgaven </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kodado de leĝaraj/ juraj?
+
tekstoj</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Consolidation of legislation
+
- informal/declaratory<br>
+
fr:Consolidation des textes législatifs<br>
+
nl:Consolidatie van wetteksten<br>
+
de:Konsolidierung der Rechtsvorschriften</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Formal or official consolidation
+
of legislation involves
+
adopting a new legal instrument, published in the Official Journal (L
+
series), which incorporates and repeals the instruments being
+
consolidated (basic instrument + amending instrument(s)) without
+
altering their substance. It can be:
+
<ul>
+
<li> <i>vertical</i>: the new instrument incorporates the
+
basic instrument and instruments amending it into a single instrument;</li>
+
<li> <i>horizontal</i>: the new instrument incorporates
+
several parallel basic instruments - and amendments thereto - relating
+
to the same matter into a single instrument.</li>
+
</ul>
+
There is a special procedure for
+
unofficial, purely declaratory consolidation of legislation and
+
simplification of legal instruments. The incorporation of subsequent
+
amendments into the body of a basic act does not entail the adoption of
+
a new instrument. It is simply a clarification exercise conducted by
+
the Commission. The resulting text, which has no formal legal effect,
+
can, where appropriate, be published in the Official Journal (C Series)
+
without citations or recitals.</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kolegio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:College <br>
+
fr:Collège </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kolektiva defendado </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Collective defence <br>
+
fr:Défense collective <br>
+
nl:Collectieve verdediging </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kolektiva/ komuna agado<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Joint action (CFSP) <br>
+
fr:Action commune (PESC) <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschappelijk optreden (GBVB) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komitato laŭ la artikolo 36 de
+
la EUa traktato
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Article 36 Committee (Title
+
VI of the EU Treaty) <br>
+
fr:Comité de l'article 36 du traité UE <br>
+
nl:Comité van artikel 36 van het EU-Verdrag </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komitato de la regionoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Committee of the Regions <br>
+
fr:Comité des régions (CdR) <br>
+
nl:Comité van de Regio's (CdR) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komitato de la Konstantaj
+
<br>
+
Reprezentantoj
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Coreper <br>
+
fr:Coreper (Comité des représentants permanents) <br>
+
nl:Coreper<br>
+
de:Ausschuss der Ständigen Vertreter (AStV) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komitato por laboraferoj
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Employment Committee <br>
+
fr:Comité de l'emploi <br>
+
nl:Comité voor de werkgelegenheid <br>
+
de:Beschäftigungsausschuss </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komitatoj kaj laborgrupoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Committees and working
+
parties <br>
+
fr:Comités et groupes de travail <br>
+
nl:Comités en werkgroepen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>The committees, whose task it is to assist the Community
+
institutions, are involved at all stages of the legislative process.
+
The Commission regularly consults committees of experts before drawing
+
up a new proposal for legislation. These committees, which are made up
+
of representatives of the milieŭ involved, private sector or national
+
government experts, ensure that the Commission remains open to the
+
concerns of those who will be affected by the legislation. There are
+
about 60 advisory committees covering all sectors, though about half of
+
them deal with agricultural issues.</p>
+
<p>In the European Parliament, various permanent committees
+
organise the work of the MEPs.</p>
+
<p>The Council is also assisted by committees and working parties
+
which prepare its decisions. The existence of certain committees is
+
provided for in the treaties (Article 36 Committee for justice and home
+
affairs, for example), and others are ad hoc committees such as the
+
Cultural Affairs Committee, which evaluates proposals on cultural
+
cooperation, prepares the Council discussions and follows up action
+
taken. These committees are made up of representatives of the Member
+
States plus one member of the Commission. In parallel, various working
+
parties do the preparatory work for Coreper. While some of them are set
+
up on a temporary basis to deal with a particular dossier, about a
+
hundred groups cover a given sector and meet regularly. </p>
+
<p>When a legislative text has been adopted, it lays down the
+
general principles to be respected. More precise implementing measures
+
may be necessary to apply these principles. In this case, the text
+
provides that a committee is to be set up within the Commission in
+
order to take the appropriate decisions. These committees are made up
+
of experts nominated by the Member States and chaired by the
+
Commission, and are generally governed by rules established by the 28
+
June 1999 Council decision known as the 'Comitology Decision'. There
+
are about 300 of them, in the fields of industry, social affairs,
+
agriculture, the environment, the internal market, research and
+
development, consumer protection and food safety. </p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komitatologio <br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Comitology <br>
+
fr:Comitologie <br>
+
nl:Comitologie </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> Laŭ la Traktato stariganta la
+
Eŭropan Komunumon (EK Traktato, Artikolo 202), la Komisiono
+
efektivigas
+
la leĝaron je Komunuma nivelo. Praktike, ĉiu leĝa akto difinas la
+
limojn de la efektivigantaj kompetentoj atribuitaj al la Komisiono fare
+
de la Konsilantaro de la Eŭropa Unio. En tiu kunteksto, la Traktato
+
preskribas ke la Komisiono estu helpita de komitato, laŭ procezo
+
nomita
+
"Komitatologio". <br>
+
<p>La komitatoj estas diskutejoj, kaj konsistas el reprezentantoj
+
de Membroŝtatoj; ili estas sub la prezido de la Komisiono. Ili
+
ebligas,
+
ke la Komisiono establu dialogon kun naciaj registaroj antaŭ ol
+
alpreni
+
efektivigantajn decidojn. La Komisiono certigas ke ili konformiĝas
+
kiel
+
plej eblas al la situacio en ĉiu&nbsp; koncerna lando. </p>
+
Rilatoj inter la Komisiono kaj la komitatoj estas regulataj laŭ
+
modeloj
+
preskribitaj de la Konsilio,&nbsp; la "Komitatologia Decido" adoptita
+
la 28-an de Junio 1999. Tiu garantias al la Parlamento la rajton
+
kontroli la efektivigon de leĝdonaj aktoj alprenitaj laŭ sub la
+
kundecida procezo. La Parlamento povas kontraŭi la projektojn de la
+
Komisiono, aŭ eventuale de la Konsilio, kiam ĝi konsideras ke tiuj
+
projektoj estas ekster ties kompetentoj.<br>
+
<p>La sekvaj kategorioj de komitatoj povas esti dividitaj, laŭ
+
la
+
maniero kiel ili funkcias: </p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>konsultaj komitatojn: ili donas ilian opinion al la
+
Komisiono, kiu devas konsideri ilin. Tiu procezo estas ĝenerale uzita
+
kiam la aferoj diskutataj ne estas politike tiklaj.<br>
+
</li>
+
<li>priadministraj komitatoj: se la aranĝoj kiujn la Komisiono
+
finprenis ne konformiĝas al la komitata opinio, la Komisiono devas
+
komuniki ilin al la Konsilio, kiu povus preni malsaman decidon Tiu
+
procezo estas uzita ekz. por aranĝoj rilate al administrado de la
+
komunaj politikoj agraraj , fiŝkaptaj kaj ĉefajn Komunumajn
+
programojn.
+
</li>
+
<li>priregulaj komitatoj: se la aranĝoj, kiujn la Komisiono
+
finprenis, ne konformiĝas al la komitata opinio, la Komisiono devas
+
komuniki ilin al la Konsilio,&nbsp; kaj informi la Eŭropan
+
Parlamenton.
+
Se la Konsilio kontraŭas proponon de la Komisiono, la Komisiono devas
+
reekzameni ĝin. Ĝi povas prezenti amendon aŭ novan proponon, aŭ
+
povas
+
denove prezenti la saman proponon. Tiu procezo estas uzita ekz. por
+
aranĝoj kiuj rilatas al protekto de sano aŭ sekureco de personoj,
+
bestoj kaj plantoj, kaj por aranĝoj kiuj modifas neesencajn
+
preskribojn
+
de la bazaj leĝdonaj instrumentoj. </li>
+
</ul>
+
La Konsilia Decido de la 28-a de Junio 1999 kiu anstataŭis tiun de la
+
13-a de Julio 1987. Ĝi simpligas la sistemon kaj konsideras la novan
+
kundecidan procezon. La komitata sistemo iĝis pli malfermita al
+
ekzamenado de la Parlamento kaj de la publiko. La Komitataj dokumentoj
+
estas pli facile alireblaj de civitanoj, kaj estas registritaj en
+
publikan registron. Dank'al la komputilizado de decidofaraj procezoj,
+
la celo estas publikigi surrete la kompletajn tekstojn de nekonfidencaj
+
dokumentoj senditaj al la Parlamento. </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">kompetento alpreni delegitajn
+
Eŭropajn regularojn </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the power toenact delegated
+
regulations <br>
+
fr: le pouvoir d’édicter des règlements
+
délégués </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">kompetento;<br>
+
kompetenteco </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:competence <br>
+
fr:compétence </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komuna agado </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Common action (justice and
+
home affairs) <br>
+
fr:Action commune (JAI) <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschappelijk optreden (JBZ) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komuna agrikultura politiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Common agricultural policy
+
(CAP) <br>
+
fr:Politique agricole commune (PAC) <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid (GLB) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komuna eksterlanda kaj
+
sekurecapolitiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Common foreign and security
+
policy (CFSP) <br>
+
fr:Politique étrangère et de sécurité
+
commune (PESC) <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschappelijk buitenlands en veiligheidsbeleid (GBVB) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komuna fiŝkapta politiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Common fisheries policy <br>
+
fr:Politique commune de la pêche <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschappelijk visserijbeleid </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komuna komerca politiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Common commercial policy <br>
+
fr:Politique commerciale commune <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschappelijke handelspolitiek </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komuna
+
merkatorganizado de agrikulturaj produktoj
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Common organisation of
+
agricultural markets (COM) <br>
+
fr:Organisations communes des marchés agricoles (OCM) <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschappelijke marktordening voor landbouwproducten </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komuna pozicio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Common position (CFSP) <br>
+
fr:Position commune (PESC) <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschappelijk standpunt (GBVB) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komuna starpunkto (Titiolo VI de
+
la EUa Traktato) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Joint position (Title VI of
+
the EU Treaty) <br>
+
fr:Position commune (Titre VI du traité UE) <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschappelijk standpunt (Titel VI van het VEU) <br>
+
de:Gemeinsamer Standpunkt (Titel VI EU-Vertrag) Gemeinsame Aktion
+
(GASP) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komuna strategio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Common strategy (CFSP) <br>
+
fr:Stratégie commune (PESC) <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschappelijke strategie (GBVB) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komuna transportpolitiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Common transport policy <br>
+
fr:Politique commune des transports <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschappelijk vervoerbeleid </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komuninteresaj servoj<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:General-interest services <br>
+
fr:Services d'intérêt général <br>
+
nl:Diensten van algemeen belang<br>
+
de:Gemeinwohlorientierte Leistungen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komunuma juro/ leĝaro? </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Community law <br>
+
fr:Droit communautaire <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschapsrecht </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>Strictly speaking, Community law consists of the founding
+
Treaties (primary legislation) and the provisions of instruments
+
enacted by the Community institutions by virtue of them (secondary
+
legislation - regulations, directives, etc.). Once the European
+
Constitution has been adopted, it will replace the current set of
+
founding Treaties. Primary Community law will consist of the
+
Constitution and its Protocols - including the Charter of Fundamental
+
Rights, which is incorporated in it - and the Euratom Treaty.</p>
+
<p>In a broader sense, Community law encompasses all the rules of
+
the Community legal order, including general principles of law, the
+
case law of the Court of Justice, law flowing from the Community's
+
external relations and supplementary law contained in conventions and
+
similar agreements concluded between the Member States to give effect
+
to Treaty provisions.</p>
+
<p>All these rules of law form part of what is known as the
+
Community <i>acquis</i>.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komunuma patento </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Community patent <br>
+
fr:Brevet communautaire <br>
+
nl:Gemeenschapsoctrooi </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komunuma transpontiĝo?? </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Community 'bridge' (Title VI
+
of the EU Treaty) <br>
+
fr:Passerelle communautaire (titre VI du traité UE) <br>
+
nl:Communautaire overbrugging </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>The decision-making process under the Treaty establishing the
+
European Community (first pillar) may be introduced for certain
+
provisions of Title VI of the Treaty on European Union (third pillar)
+
in order to communitise them. This possibility has been available since
+
the establishing of the European Union. This procedure, known as the
+
"bridge", requires unanimity in the Council and ratification by each
+
Member State in accordance with its national constitutional
+
requirements.</p>
+
<p>The European Constitution, which is in the process of
+
ratification, provides for the abolition of the bridge as conceived by
+
the Maastricht Treaty, as the pillars will disappear. On the other hand
+
it introduces another bridging mechanism allowing a change to
+
qualified-majority voting for the adoption of legal instruments.
+
However, the decision is taken by the European Council, acting
+
unanimously. Two specific bridges are also envisaged for the common
+
foreign and security policy (CFSP) -- with the exception of decisions
+
with military or defence implications -- and for the multiannual
+
financial framework respectively.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komunuma akiritaĵaro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Community acquis <br>
+
fr:Acquis communautaire <br>
+
nl:Acquis communautaire </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>The Community <i>acquis</i> is the body of common rights and
+
obligations which bind all the Member States together within the
+
European Union. It is constantly evolving and comprises:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>the content, principles and political objectives of the
+
Treaties; </li>
+
<li>the legislation adopted in application of the treaties and
+
the case law of the Court of Justice; </li>
+
<li>the declarations and resolutions adopted by the Union; </li>
+
<li>measures relating to the common foreign and security
+
policy; </li>
+
<li>measures relating to justice and home affairs; </li>
+
<li>international agreements concluded by the Community and
+
those concluded by the Member States between themselves in the field of
+
the Union's activities. </li>
+
</ul>
+
<p>Thus the Community <i>acquis</i> comprises not only Community
+
law in the strict sense, but also all acts adopted under the second and
+
third pillars of the European Union and the common objectives laid down
+
in the Treaties. The Union has committed itself to maintaining the
+
Community <i>acquis</i> in its entirety and developing it further.
+
Applicant countries have to accept the Community <i>acquis</i> before
+
they can join the Union. Derogations from the <i>acquis</i> are
+
granted only in exceptional circumstances and are limited in scope. To
+
integrate into the European Union, applicant countries will have to
+
transpose the <i>acquis</i> into their national legislation and
+
implement it from the moment of their accession.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komunumaj juraj instrumentoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Community legal instruments <br>
+
fr:Instruments juridiques communautaires <br>
+
nl:Communautaire rechtsinstrumenten </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komunumaj kaj interregistaraj
+
metodoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Community and
+
intergovernmental methods <br>
+
fr:Méthodes communautaire et intergouvernementale <br>
+
nl:Communautaire en intergouvernementele methoden </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komunumaj rajtoj/ povoj? </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Community powers <br>
+
fr:Compétences communautaires <br>
+
nl:Communautaire bevoegdheden </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>Community powers are those that are conferred on the European
+
Union (EU) in specific areas by the Member States.</p>
+
<p>There are three types of powers, which depend on how they are
+
conferred:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>Explicit powers: these are clearly defined in the relevant
+
articles of the Treaties.</li>
+
<li>Implicit powers: according to the implicit powers theory,
+
competence in external matters derives from explicit internal
+
competence. Where the Treaties assign explicit powers to the Community
+
in a particular area (e.g. transport), it must also have similar powers
+
to conclude agreements with non-Community countries in the same field
+
(the principle of parallelism between internal and external powers).</li>
+
<li>Subsidiary powers: where the Community has no explicit or
+
implicit powers to achieve a Treaty objective concerning the common
+
market, Article 308 of the Treaty establishing the European Community
+
allows the Council, acting unanimously, to take the measures it
+
considers necessary.</li>
+
</ul>
+
<p>One of the main innovations in the European Constitution now
+
being ratified is that it clarifies the powers of the Union. It clearly
+
specifies the areas in which the Member States have transferred their
+
powers of action to the Union.</p>
+
<p>It also distinguishes the following categories of Union
+
powers, or "competences":</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>Exclusive competence: the Union acts alone on behalf of all
+
its Member States. This category covers establishment of the
+
competition rules necessary for the functioning of the internal market,
+
monetary policy, the common commercial policy and the conservation of
+
fishery resources.</li>
+
<li>Shared competence: the Union acts because its action
+
confers a substantial benefit additional to that resulting from action
+
by the Member States. Among the areas concerned are: the internal
+
market, economic, social and territorial cohesion, agriculture,
+
fisheries, the environment, consumer protection, transport, energy and
+
the area of freedom, security and justice.</li>
+
<li>Competence to take supporting, coordinating or
+
complementary action: the Union acts only to coordinate or complement
+
the action undertaken by the Member States. This covers matters such as
+
the protection and improvement of human health, industry, culture,
+
tourism, education, youth, sport and vocational training.</li>
+
</ul>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Komunumigo??? </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Communitisation <br>
+
fr:Communautarisation <br>
+
nl:Communautarisering </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>Communitisation means transferring a matter which, in the
+
institutional framework of the Union, is dealt with using the
+
intergovernmental method (second and third pillars) to the Community
+
method (first pillar). </p>
+
<p>The Community method is based on the idea that the general
+
interest of Union citizens is best defended when the Community
+
institutions play their full role in the decision-making process, with
+
due regard for the subsidiarity principle.</p>
+
<p>Following the entry into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam (May
+
1999), questions relating to the free movement of persons, which used
+
to come under cooperation on justice and home affairs (third pillar),
+
have been "communitised". After a five-year transitional phase,
+
therefore, they will be dealt with under the Community method.</p>
+
<p>The European Constitution currently being ratified provides
+
for the merger of the three existing pillars but retains certain
+
specific procedures for the common foreign and security policy,
+
including the defence policy. This will make it possible to communitise
+
most of the matters currently handled by the intergovernmental method.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">konciliacio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
+
fr: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> proceduro por atingi
+
interkompreniĝon de malsamopiniantoj aŭde homoj kun malsamaj
+
interesoj
+
(Ĉarto de UN, trad. Raiph Harry) </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">konforme al </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:in accordance with <br>
+
fr:sans préjudice de </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">konforme al la dispozicioj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:in accordance with the
+
provisions <br>
+
fr:conformément aux dispositions </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Konkurencpovo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Competitiveness <br>
+
fr:Compétitivité <br>
+
nl:Concurrentievermogen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Konkurenco </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Competition <br>
+
fr:Concurrence <br>
+
nl:Mededinging </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Konvencio (Titolo VI de la
+
<br>
+
EUa traktato)
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Convention (Title VI of the
+
EU Treaty) <br>
+
fr:Convention (Titre VI du traité UE) <br>
+
nl:Overeenkomst (titel VI van het EU-Verdrag)<br>
+
de:Uebereinkommen (Titel VI EU-Vertrag) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Konsilio de Eŭropa Unio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Council of the European Union
+
<br>
+
fr:Conseil de l'Union européenne <br>
+
nl:Raad van de Europese Unie </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Konsilio de Ministroj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Council of Ministers <br>
+
fr:le Conseil des ministres </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">La Konsilio de ministroj
+
<br>
+
decidas per kvalifika
+
plimulto.
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the Council of Ministers
+
shall act by a qualified majority. <br>
+
fr: le Conseil des ministres statue à la majorité
+
qualifiée </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Konsisto de la Eŭropa Komisiono
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Composition of the European
+
Commission <br>
+
fr:Composition de la Commission européenne <br>
+
nl:Samenstelling van de Europese Commissie </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">konstituciiga asembleo<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:european constituent assembly<br>
+
fr:assemblée constituante européenne<br>
+
nl:europese grondwetgevende vergadering<br>
+
de:<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Konstruema sindeteno </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Abstention, constructive
+
(positive abstention) <br>
+
fr:Abstention constructive (abstention positive) <br>
+
nl:Constructieve onthouding </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Konsulta proceduro<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Consultation procedure <br>
+
fr:Procédure de l'avis simple (procédure de consultation)
+
<br>
+
nl:Raadplegingsprocedure<br>
+
de:Verfahren der einfachen Stellungnahme (Anhörungsverfahren) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>The consultation procedure (Article 192 of the EC Treaty)
+
enables the European Parliament to give its opinion on a proposal from
+
the Commission. In the cases laid down by the Treaty, the Council must
+
consult the European Parliament before voting on the Commission
+
proposal and take its views into account. However, it is not bound by
+
the Parliament's position but only by the obligation to consult it.
+
Parliament must be consulted again if the Council deviates too far from
+
the initial proposal. The powers of Parliament are fairly limited under
+
this procedure, in so far as it can only hope that the Commission takes
+
its amendments into account in an amended proposal.</p>
+
<p>Apart from the cases laid down by the Treaties, the Council
+
has also undertaken to consult Parliament on most important questions.
+
The consultation is optional. In addition, this consultation procedure
+
is used for the adoption of non-mandatory instruments, especially
+
recommendations and opinions issued by the Council and the Commission.</p>
+
<p>The European Constitution, currently being ratified, will
+
bring the consultation procedure under the heading of "special
+
legislative procedures". The procedure will be applicable to Council
+
laws and framework laws adopted after consulting (obtaining the opinion
+
of) the European Parliament.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">protekto de la konsumantoj
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Consumer protection <br>
+
fr:Protection des consommateurs <br>
+
nl:Consumentenbescherming </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Batalo kontraŭ de monlavado</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Measures to combat money
+
laundering <br>
+
fr:Lutte contre le blanchiment des capitaux <br>
+
nl:Bestrijding van het witwassen van geld <br>
+
de:Bekämpfung der Geldwäsche </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Batalo kontraŭ organizita
+
krimado
+
<br>
+
<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Fight against organised crime
+
<br>
+
fr:Lutte contre la criminalité organisée <br>
+
nl:Bestrijding van de georganiseerde criminaliteit <br>
+
de:Bekämpfung der organisierten Kriminalität </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Batalo kontraŭ&nbsp; rasismo
+
kaj
+
ksenofobio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Fight against racism and
+
xenophobia <br>
+
fr:Lutte contre le racisme et la xénophobie <br>
+
nl:Bestrijding van racisme en vreemdelingenhaat <br>
+
de:Bekämpfung von Rassismus und Fremdenfeindlichkeit </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Batalo kontraŭ&nbsp; terorismo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Fight against terrorism <br>
+
fr:Lutte contre le terrorisme <br>
+
nl:Bestrijding van terrorisme <br>
+
de:Bekämpfung des Terrorismus </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kontraŭdroga batalo/
+
Kontraŭado
+
de drogoj/ Kontraŭbatalado de drogoj<br>
+
<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Fight against drugs <br>
+
fr:Lutte contre la drogue <br>
+
nl:Drugsbestrijding<br>
+
de:Drogenbekämpfung </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kontraŭfraŭda batalo/
+
Kontraŭado
+
de fraŭdo/ </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Fight against fraud <br>
+
fr:Lutte contre la fraude <br>
+
nl:Fraudebestrijding <br>
+
de:Betrugsbekämpfung </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kontraŭtrusta leĝaro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Antitrust control <br>
+
fr:Antitrust <br>
+
nl:Antitrustregels </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kontrolado de la aplikado de la
+
Komunuma leĝaro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Monitoring the application of
+
Community law <br>
+
fr:Contrôle de l'application du droit communautaire <br>
+
nl:Controle op de toepassing van het Gemeenschapsrecht <br>
+
de:Kontrolle der Anwendung des Gemeinschaftsrechts </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">kontrolesploro farita de
+
samfakuloj</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:peer reviews</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">korporacio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
+
fr:corporation </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kortumo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the Court of Justice <br>
+
fr:la Cour de justice </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kortumo de la Eŭropaj Komunumoj
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Court of Justice of the
+
European Communities <br>
+
fr:Cour de justice des Communautés européennes (CJCE) <br>
+
nl:Het Hof van Justitie van de Europese Gemeenschappen <br>
+
de:Gerichtshof der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (EuGH) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kriterioj de konverĝo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Convergence criteria <br>
+
fr:Critères de convergence <br>
+
nl:Convergentiecriteria </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kulturo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Culture <br>
+
fr:Culture <br>
+
nl:Cultuur <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kundecida proceduro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Codecision procedure <br>
+
fr:Procédure de codécision <br>
+
nl:Medebeslissingsprocedure </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kunlaborada proceduro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Cooperation procedure <br>
+
fr:Procédure de coopération <br>
+
nl:Samenwerkingsprocedure </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Kvalifika
+
majoritato;<br>
+
Kvalifika plimulto
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Qualified majority <br>
+
fr:Majorité qualifiée <br>
+
nl:Gekwalificeerde meerderheid <br>
+
de:Qualifizierte Mehrheit </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>A qualified majority (QM) is the number of votes required in
+
the Council for a decision to be adopted when issues are being debated
+
on the basis of Article 205(2) of the EC Treaty. </p>
+
<p>Following the 2000 Inter Governmental Conference and the Nice
+
Treaty, the number of votes allocated to each Member State has been
+
re-weighted, in particular for those States with larger populations, so
+
that the legitimacy of the Council's decisions can be safeguarded in
+
terms of their demographic representativeness. After 1 November 2004,
+
following enlargement of the Union, the QM went up to 232 votes out of
+
a total of 321, representing a majority of the Member States. Moreover,
+
a Member State may request verification that the QM represents at least
+
62% of the total population of the Union. If this is not the case, the
+
decision is not adopted.</p>
+
<p>As the various institutional reforms have taken effect, QM
+
voting (QMV) has replaced unanimous voting, which is less effective for
+
developing an operational Community policy (veto risk).</p>
+
<p>The European Constitution currently being ratified provides
+
for 45 new QMV situations. From 1 November 2009 the qualified majority
+
will be based on a twofold-majority, requiring votes in favour from at
+
least 55% of the Member States accounting for at least 65% of the
+
Union's population. To ensure that the most populous Member States
+
cannot block decisions, there will have to be a blocking minority of at
+
least four Member States. Otherwise, the QM will be presumed to be met
+
even if the population test is failed.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la Alta Tribunalo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the High Court <br>
+
fr:le Tribunal de grande instance </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la Ekonomia kaj Sociala Komitato
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the Economic and Social
+
Committee <br>
+
fr:le Comité économique et social </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la Eŭropa Centra Banko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the European Central Bank <br>
+
fr:la Banque centrale européenne </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la Eŭropa Konsilio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the European Council <br>
+
fr:le Conseil européen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la Eŭropa Konsilio rajtas
+
ĉesigi
+
la mandaton </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:theEuropean Council can end
+
his or her mandate <br>
+
fr:Le Conseil européen peut mettre fin àson mandat </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la eŭropaj parlamentaj elektoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the European
+
Parliamentary elections <br>
+
fr:les élections parlementaires européennes </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la fakaj tribunaloj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:specialised courts <br>
+
fr:les tribunaux spécialisés </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la Komitato de la Regionoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the Committee of the Regions <br>
+
fr:le Comité des régions </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la komunan eksteran kaj
+
sekurecan politikon de la Unio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the Union’s common foreign
+
and security policy <br>
+
fr: la politique de sécurité et dedéfense commune </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la kondiĉoj kaj aranĝoj por
+
aliĝo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the conditions and
+
arrangements for admission <br>
+
fr:les conditions et les modalités d’admission </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">La konsultaj organoj de la Unio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:The Union’s advisory bodies <br>
+
fr: les organes consultatifs del'Union </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">La Membroŝtatoj havas rajton
+
je iniciato </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Member States shall have a
+
right of initiative <br>
+
fr: les États membres disposent d’un droit d’initiative </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la Oficiala Gazeto de la Eŭropa
+
Unio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the Official Journal of
+
the European Union <br>
+
fr: Journal officiel de l’Union européenne </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Nord-Atlantika
+
Traktat-Organizo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the NorthAtlantic Treaty
+
Organisation <br>
+
fr: l’Organisation du traité de l’Atlantique Nord </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la plurjara financa kadro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the multiannual
+
financial framework <br>
+
fr:le cadre financier pluriannuel </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la prezidanto de la Eŭropa
+
Komisiono
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the President of the
+
European Commission <br>
+
fr:le Président de la Commission européenne. </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la prezidanto de la Eŭropa
+
Konsilio
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the President of the
+
European Council <br>
+
fr:le Président du Conseil européen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la tagordo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the agenda <br>
+
fr:l’ordre du jour </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la unia ministro pri
+
eksterajaferoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the Union Minister for Foreign
+
Affairs <br>
+
fr:le ministre des Affaires étrangères de l’Union </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la Unio ne influas...
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the Union does
+
not prejudice ...<br>
+
fr:l’Union ne préjuge pas de...<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <span class="F1">I-52-1.<br>
+
en: The Union respects and does not prejudice the status under national
+
law of churches and religious associations or communities in the Member
+
States.<br>
+
</span><span class="F1">fr:L'Union respecte et ne préjuge pas du
+
statut dont bénéficient, en vertu du droit national, les églises et les
+
associations ou communautés religieuses dans les États membres.<br>
+
</span><span class="F1">en:the common security and defence policy
+
of the Union does not prejudice the specific character of the security
+
and defence policy of certain Member States;<br>
+
</span><span class="F1">fr:la politique de sécurité et de défense
+
commune de l'Union n'affecte pas le caractère spécifique de la
+
politique de sécurité et de défense de certains États membres;</span><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">la Ŝtatestroj aŭ
+
Registarestrojde la Membroŝtatoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the Heads of State or
+
Government of the Member States <br>
+
fr:les Chefs d’État ou de gouvernement des États membres </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Laborpostenoj;<br>
+
Dungado;<br>
+
(En)laborigo;<br>
+
(en)postenigo;<br>
+
laborpolitiko;<br>
+
dungpolitiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Employment <br>
+
fr:Emploi <br>
+
nl:Werkgelegenheid <br>
+
de:Beschäftigung </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>Promoting a high level of employment has been one of the
+
Community's objectives since the Treaty of Amsterdam came into force in
+
May 1999 and added a Title VIII "Employment" to the Treaty establishing
+
the European Community.</p>
+
<p>The Union's responsibilities with regard to employment are
+
complementary to those of the Member States, the main aim being to
+
create a European Employment Strategy (EES). The EES is intended as the
+
main instrument to provide direction and coordinate the employment
+
policy priorities supported by the Member States at European level.</p>
+
<p>The new Title VIII "Employment" also requires an Employment
+
Committee with advisory status to be established, to facilitate the
+
Union's task of promoting the coordination of national employment and
+
labour market policies.</p>
+
<p>The Lisbon European Council (March 2000) considered that the
+
overall aim of these measures was to raise the overall employment rate
+
in the European Union to 70% and the female employment rate to more
+
than 60% by 2010. The Stockholm European Council (March 2001) added two
+
intermediate targets and one additional target:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>the overall employment rate and the female employment rate
+
to reach 67% and 57% respectively in 2005;</li>
+
<li>the employment rate for older workers to reach 50% by 2010.</li>
+
</ul>
+
<p>The Barcelona Council (March 2002) called for the
+
reinforcement of the European Employment Strategy as an instrument of
+
the Lisbon Strategy.</p>
+
<p>Financial support for employment policy is provided through
+
various instruments:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>the future programme PROGRESS 2007-2013, the aim of which
+
is to provide financial assistance for work towards the Union's
+
employment and social affairs objectives;</li>
+
<li>the priorities of the European Social Fund which are part
+
of the EES objectives;</li>
+
<li>the Mutual Learning Programme, launched at the beginning of
+
2005, as part of the incentive measures to promote employment. Its main
+
objective is to enhance the transferability of the most effective
+
policies within key areas of the EES.</li>
+
</ul>
+
<p>At European level, the main structures in the field of
+
employment are:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>the European Employment Observatory, an employment policy
+
information system established in 1982 by the Commission in
+
collaboration with the national authorities;</li>
+
<li>the EURES network, which contributes to creating a European
+
labour market accessible to all through the international,
+
interregional and cross-border exchange of job vacancies and
+
applications and the exchange of information on living conditions and
+
gaining qualifications.</li>
+
</ul>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">laŭ speciala leĝdona(?)
+
proceduro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:according to a special
+
legislative procedure <br>
+
fr:conformément à une procédure législative
+
spéciale </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Eŭropo laŭ libera elekto
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Europe 'à la carte' <br>
+
fr: <br>
+
nl: <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Legebleco de la traktatoj;<br>
+
klareco de la traktatoj;<br>
+
plisimpligo de la traktatoj<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Clarity of the Treaties
+
(simplification of the Treaties) <br>
+
fr:Lisibilité des traités (simplification des
+
traités) <br>
+
nl:Leesbaarheid van de Verdragen (vereenvoudiging van deverdragen) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>The European Union has come into being gradually and its
+
structure is the result of a succession of amendments to the various
+
treaties. This has led to a situation where the lack of clarity and
+
readability of the founding texts of the Union has created a gulf
+
between the Union and the public. </p>
+
<p>The Treaty of Rome was followed by the Single European Act and
+
the Treaty on European Union (the "Maastricht Treaty"). This Treaty
+
created a new structure, the European Union, in addition to the
+
European Communities, which has three pillars (the European
+
Communities, common foreign and security policy and cooperation in the
+
field of justice and home affairs). The Nice and Amsterdam Treaties
+
contain amendments to the earlier treaties and a new article numbering
+
system. Several protocols and declarations are also annexed to these
+
treaties.</p>
+
<p>In December 2001 the Laeken Declaration launched a process of
+
simplification of the treaties. The process culminated in the adoption
+
of the Constitution currently being ratified, which substantially
+
simplifies the Treaties.</p>
+
<p>Once it is in force, the Constitution will repeal all the
+
existing primary legislation - preceding treaties, instruments amending
+
or amplifying them, and treaties and acts of accession. The European
+
Union will thus operate on the basis of a single instrument.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">legitima </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
+
fr:légitime </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> (pri politika strukturo aŭ
+
aferstato) havanta subtenon desia reprezentataro, kutime sankciitan per
+
la voĉoj de demokratiaplimulto </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">krimoj</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:criminal offences <br>
+
fr: infractions pénales </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Libera moviĝo de personoj
+
(Vizo,a zilo, enmigrado kaj aliaj decidkampoj) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Free movement of persons
+
(visas, asylum, immigration and other policies) <br>
+
fr:Libre circulation des personnes (visas, asile, immigration et autres
+
politiques) <br>
+
nl:Vrij verkeer van personen (visa, asiel, immigratie en
+
andere beleidsterreinen) <br>
+
de:Freier Personenverkehr (Visa, Asyl, Einwanderung und
+
andere&nbsp;Politiken) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Lisbona strategio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Lisbon Strategy <br>
+
fr:Stratégie de Lisbonne <br>
+
nl:Strategie van Lissabon <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">lobii </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
+
fr: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> provi persvadi politikistojn,
+
registaron k.s. pri laokazigindeco aŭ malhelpindeco de io, pri
+
"ŝanĝindeco de leĝo k.s.(vaste uzata, sed ne-NPIV-a) </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Luksemburga kompromiso </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Luxembourg compromise <br>
+
fr:Compromis de Luxembourg <br>
+
nl:Compromis van Luxemburg <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Malferma kunordiga metodo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Open method of coordination <br>
+
fr:Méthode ouverte de coordination <br>
+
nl:Open coördinatiemethode <br>
+
de:Offene Koordinierungsmethode </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">malfermita, malkaŝema kaj
+
regula
+
dialogo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:an open,transparent and
+
regular dialogue <br>
+
fr:un dialogueouvert, transparent et régulier </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Malgrandaj kaj mezgrandaj
+
entreprenoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Small and medium-sized
+
enterprises <br>
+
fr:Petites et moyennes entreprises (PME) <br>
+
nl:Kleine en middelgrote ondernemingen <br>
+
de:Kleine und mittlere Unternehmen (KMU) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Malpermeso de
+
diskriminaciado/Principo de nediskriminaciado </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Non-discrimination principle <br>
+
fr:Principe de la non-discrimination <br>
+
nl:Non-discriminatie (beginsel van…) <br>
+
de:Diskriminierungsverbot </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">maniero funkcii </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:operating methods <br>
+
fr: modalités de fonctionnement </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Mediacia komitato </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Conciliation Committee <br>
+
fr:Comité de conciliation <br>
+
nl:Bemiddelingscomité </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Membroŝtataj parlamentoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:National parliaments <br>
+
fr:Parlements nationaux <br>
+
nl:Nationale parlementen <br>
+
de:Parlamente der Mitgliedstaaten </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Membroŝtato </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Member State <br>
+
fr:État membre </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Metiedukado/Metiinstruado </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Vocational training <br>
+
fr:Formation professionnelle <br>
+
nl:Beroepsopleiding <br>
+
de:Berufsbildung </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">minimume unu miliono dacivitanoj
+
povas iniciati </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:no less than one
+
million citizens may invite <br>
+
fr:sur initiative d’au moins un million de citoyens </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Monpolitiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Monetary policy <br>
+
fr:Politique monétaire <br>
+
nl:Monetair beleid <br>
+
de:Währungspolitik </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">naciaj/membroŝtataj fakuloj
+
disponigataj al la EU
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:national experts
+
seconded&nbsp; to EU<br>
+
fr:experts nationaux détachés auprès de l'UE<br>
+
nl:<br>
+
de:</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<div id="cartouche"> tradukenda: Experts nationaux
+
détachés
+
auprès de l’UE </div>
+
<!-- --> Il s’agit de postes dits de "mise à disposition". <br>
+
<br>
+
Ne peuvent donc postuler que les personnes dont l’employeur accepte de
+
continuer à les rémunérer si leur candidature est
+
retenue.<br>
+
<br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Najbareca politiko<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Neighbourhood Policy <br>
+
fr:Voisinage (politique de) <br>
+
nl:Nabuurschapsbeleid<br>
+
de:Nachbarschaftspolitik </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">najbarpolitiko<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:<br>
+
fr:la politique européenne de voisinage<br>
+
nl:<br>
+
de:</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">NATO ( NordAtlantika
+
TraktatOrganizo = Organizaĵo de Nord-Atlantika Traktato) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:NATO (North Atlantic Treaty
+
Organisation) <br>
+
fr:OTAN (Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord) <br>
+
nl:NAVO (Noord-Atlantische Verdragsorganisatie) <br>
+
de:NATO (Nordatlantikpakt-Organisation) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Organizaĵo de Nord-Atlantika
+
Traktato (NATO, aŭ la Atlantiko Alianco) estis fondita de La nordo
+
Atlantiko Traktato, kiu ankaŭ nomiĝis la Traktaton de Vaŝingtono,
+
subskribita la 4-an de Aprilo 1949, kaj havas ĝian sidejon en Bruselo.
+
Ĝi aktuale havas 26 membrojn, post sinsekvajn ploivastigojn: <br>
+
<ul>
+
<li>1949 (12 fondintajn membrojn): Belgio, Kanado, Danio,
+
Francio, Islando, Italio, Luksemburgio, Nederlando, Norvegio,
+
Portugalio, Britio, Usonn; </li>
+
<li>Februaro 1952: Grekio kaj Turkio; <br>
+
</li>
+
<li>Majo 1955: la Federalan Respublikon de Germanio; </li>
+
<li>Majo 1982: Hispanio; </li>
+
<li>Marto 1999: la Ĉeĥa Respubliko, Hungario kaj Pollando; </li>
+
<li>Marto 2004: Bulgario, Estonio, Latvio, Litovio, Rumanio,
+
Slovakio kaj Slovenio. <br>
+
</li>
+
</ul>
+
La EU politiko respektas la NATO-devontigojn de la koncernaj
+
Membroŝtatoj. La komuna politiko pri sekureco kaj defendo estas
+
difinita en tiu kadro.</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Natura 2000 Eŭropa
+
naturprotektazonaro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Natura 2000 <br>
+
fr: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">natura aŭ jura persono </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:natural or legal person <br>
+
fr:personne physique ou morale </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">nepartopreno;<br>
+
nepartoprena klaŭzo&nbsp;
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Opting out <br>
+
fr:Opting out (clause d'exemption) <br>
+
nl:Opting out (uitstapmogelijkheid) <br>
+
de:Opting out (Nichtbeteiligung) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Enoficigo de la Eŭropa Komisiono
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Confirmation of the European
+
Commission <br>
+
fr:Investiture de la Commission européenne <br>
+
nl:Benoeming van de Europese Commissie </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Nutraĵa sekureco </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Food safety <br>
+
fr:Sécurité alimentaire <br>
+
nl:Voedselveiligheid <br>
+
de:Lebensmittelsicherheit </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Okcident-Eŭropa Unio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Western European Union (WEU) <br>
+
fr:Union de l'Europe occidentale (UEO) <br>
+
nl:West-Europese Unie (WEU) <br>
+
de:Westeuropäische Union (WEU) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">OLAF (Office européen de
+
lutte
+
antifraude) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:OLAF (European Anti-fraud
+
Office) <br>
+
fr:OLAF (Office européen de lutte antifraude) <br>
+
nl:OLAF (Europees Bureau voor fraudebestrijding) <br>
+
de:OLAF (Europäisches Amt für Betrugsbekämpfung) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> OLAF (Eŭropa kontraŭfrauda
+
ofico)<br>
+
La Eŭropa Kontraŭfraŭdofico respondecas ekde la 1-a de Junio 1999
+
por
+
kontraŭbatali fraŭdon malprofite al la Eŭropunia buĝeto. <br>
+
<p> Kreita de Eŭropa Komisiono Decido, OLAF anstataŭigis UCLAF
+
(Unité de coordination de la lutte antifraude = Kunordiga Unuo
+
Kontraŭ
+
Fraŭdo ) , kreita en 1988 kun mandato limigita al la Eŭropa
+
Komisiono. </p>
+
<p> </p>
+
La nova Ofico rajtas prienketi la administradon kaj financadon de ĉiuj
+
Uniaj institucioj kaj organoj kun absoluta operacia sendependeco. Tiu
+
sendependeco estas garantiita de: <br>
+
<ul>
+
<li> la Direktoro de OLAF: nomumita post interkonsento kun
+
Parlamento, la Komisiono kaj la Konsilio, li povas apelacii antaŭ la
+
Kortumo de la Eŭropaj Komunumoj por protekti sian sendependecon..
+
Cetere, li povas iniciati enketon ne nur post peto de la koncerna
+
institucio, organo aŭ Membroŝtato, sed ankaŭ propravole; </li>
+
<li> la Kontrolkomitato de la OLAF: respondeca pri kontrolado
+
de la enketa laboro; ĝi konsistas el kvin sendependaj eksteraj
+
personoj, nomumitaj kune kun la Parlamento, la Komisiono kaj la
+
Konsilio. </li>
+
</ul>
+
<p> La kondiĉoj por la internaj enketoj faritaj de OLAF por
+
batali kontraŭ fraŭdo, korupto kaj alia kontraŭleĝa agado kiu
+
malprofitas al la financaju interesoj de la Eŭropaj Komunumoj, estis
+
preskribitaj en interinstitucia interkonsento de majo 1999 inter la
+
Parlamento, la Konsilio kaj la Komisiono. Tiu interkonsento etendas la
+
potencojn de la Ofico al oinkluzivo de gravaj kazoj de profesia
+
miskondukto de respondeculoj kaj aliaj oficistoj kiuj povas okazigi
+
disciplinajn aŭ punajn persekvoj. Pluraj regularoj pritraktas la
+
sciigo
+
de neregulaĵoj kaj la repago de sumoj malĝuste elspezitaj. Aliaj
+
regularoj preskribis la proceduron sekvendan dum enketoj kaj operacioj,
+
kaj ankaŭ dum surlokaj kontroloj. </p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">opinio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:opinion <br>
+
fr: avis </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Parlamentaj komisionoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Parliamentary committees <br>
+
fr:Commissions parlementaires <br>
+
nl:Parlementaire commissies <br>
+
de:Ausschüsse des Europäischen Parlaments </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">per kvalifikita plimulto </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:by qualified majority <br>
+
fr:à la majorité qualifiée </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">per unuanima decido </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:acting unanimously <br>
+
fr:statuant à l'unanimité </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Peticia rajto </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Petitions <br>
+
fr:Droit de pétition <br>
+
nl:Petitierecht <br>
+
de:Petitionsrecht </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Pilieroj de Eŭropa Unio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Pillars of the European Union
+
<br>
+
fr:Piliers de l'Union européenne <br>
+
nl:Pijlers van de Europese Unie <br>
+
de:Pfeiler der Europäische Union </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">plenkunsido
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:plenary session <br>
+
fr:session plénière </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">plenrajtigito </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
+
fr: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Intensigita kunlaboro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Enhanced cooperation <br>
+
fr:Coopération renforcée <br>
+
nl:Nauwere samenwerking <br>
+
de:Verstärkte Zusammenarbeit </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Plifortigita kvalifikita plimulto
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Reinforced qualified majority
+
<br>
+
fr:Majorité qualifiée renforcée <br>
+
nl:Versterkte gekwalificeerde meerderheid <br>
+
de:Verstärkte qualifizierte Mehrheit </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>When the Council acts without a Commission Proposal being
+
necessary (in the fields of foreign policy and common security or
+
police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters), the qualified
+
majority must include at least two thirds of the Member States.</p>
+
<p>At the 1996 Intergovernmental Conference, which led to the
+
adoption of the Amsterdam Treaty, the idea of a reinforced qualified
+
majority was brought up both by a large number of national delegations
+
and by the European Commission.</p>
+
<p>This proposal stems from the conviction that if the unanimity
+
requirement is maintained, it would all too often result in stalemate
+
in an enlarged Union. Unanimity might therefore be replaced in certain
+
cases by a reinforced qualified majority that is greater than the
+
normal percentage of votes generally required for majority voting. </p>
+
<p>The European Constitution, which is in the process of being
+
ratified, provides for the threshold for a qualified majority to be
+
raised to 72% for all acts other than those proposed by the European
+
Commission or by the Union Minister for Foreign Affairs.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Plisimpligo de la leĝdonado </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Simplification of legislation
+
<br>
+
fr:Simplification législative <br>
+
nl:Vereenvoudiging van de wetgeving <br>
+
de:Vereinfachung der Rechtsvorschriften </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Plivastigo;<br>
+
plivastiĝo;<br>
+
plilarĝigo;<br>
+
plilarĝiĝo;<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Enlargement <br>
+
fr:Elargissement <br>
+
nl:Uitbreiding <br>
+
de:Erweiterung </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>The European Union currently has 25 Member States. In addition
+
to the first six Member States -- Belgium, France, Germany, Italy,
+
Luxembourg and the Netherlands -- 19 countries have acceded to the
+
Union. These are:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>1973: Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom;</li>
+
<li>1981: Greece;</li>
+
<li>1986: Spain and Portugal;</li>
+
<li>1995: Austria, Finland and Sweden;</li>
+
<li>2004: Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia,
+
Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia.</li>
+
</ul>
+
<p>Bulgaria and Romania are in the course of joining the Union.
+
On 25 April 2005, these two countries signed a treaty providing for
+
their accession, in principle on 1 January 2007, or perhaps 1 January
+
2008.</p>
+
<p>Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey
+
have the status of candidate countries. Accession negotiations with
+
Croatia and Turkey opened on 3 October 2005.</p>
+
<p>The countries of the Western Balkans which are engaged in the
+
stabilisation and association process have the status of potential
+
candidate countries. Apart from Croatia and the Former Yugoslav
+
Republic of Macedonia, which are candidate countries, these are
+
Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia, including
+
Kosovo, under United Nations tutelage.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">plurmedio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
+
fr: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> "Homa-komputila interagado per
+
pluraj datumspecoj(en pluraj datummedioj): teksto; senmova aŭ
+
moviĝanta
+
bildo, sonoktp" (Komputada leksikono, Sergio Pokrovskij, 1995-2003) </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Polica kaj justica kunlaboro
+
prikrimaferoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Police and judicial
+
cooperation in criminal matters <br>
+
fr:Coopération policière et judiciaire en matière
+
pénale <br>
+
nl:Politiële en justitiële samenwerking in strafzaken <br>
+
de:Polizeiliche und justizielle Zusammenarbeit in Strafsachen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Politika kaj sekureca komitato </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Political and Security
+
Committee (PSC) <br>
+
fr:Comité politique et de sécurité (COPS) <br>
+
nl:Politiek en Veiligheidscomité (PVC) <br>
+
de:Politisches und Sicherheitspolitisches Komitee (PSK) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Pondado de voĉoj en la konsilio
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Weighting of votes in the
+
Council <br>
+
fr:Pondération des voix au Conseil <br>
+
nl:Stemmenweging in de Raad <br>
+
de:Stimmengewichtung im Rat </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">pontlingvo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:lingva franca <br>
+
fr:lingva franca </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">pragmatiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
+
fr: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> kogna, socia kaj kultura
+
studado de lingvo kajkomunikado (la vorto, ne la difino, aperas en
+
Angla-Esperanta-Hungara etvortaro pri Lingvo kaj Komunikado, Koutny,
+
2003) preamblo </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">preamblo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
+
fr:préambule </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> solena enkonduko alkonstitucio,
+
internacia akto ktp(Deklingva manlibro pri politiko, red. Stefan Maul,
+
1994) </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Prezidanto de la
+
eŭropuniakomisiono </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:President of the European
+
Commission <br>
+
fr:Président de la Commission européenne <br>
+
nl:Voorzitter van de Europese Commissie <br>
+
de:Präsident der Europäischen Kommission </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Prezidenteco de la eŭropuni
+
konsilio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Presidency of the Council of
+
the European Union <br>
+
fr:Présidence du Conseil de l'Union européenne <br>
+
nl:Voorzitterschap van de Raad van de Europese Unie <br>
+
de:Vorsitz des Rates der Union </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">principo de transdono de
+
kompetentoj;<br>
+
principo de cedo de kompetentoj<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the principle of conferral. <br>
+
fr:le principe d'attribution </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Principo de proporcieco </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Proportionality principle <br>
+
fr:Proportionnalité (Principe de) <br>
+
nl:Evenredigheidsbeginsel <br>
+
de:Verhältnismäßigkeit (Grundsatz der) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">principo de proporcieco </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the principle of
+
proportionality. <br>
+
fr:le principe de proportionnalité </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">principo de subsidiareco </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the principle of subsidiarity
+
<br>
+
fr:le principe de subsidiarité </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">pritrakti la kurantajn aferojn </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:to handle everyday business <br>
+
fr:expédier les affaires courantes </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Proceduro ĉe ekscesa deficito </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Excessive deficit procedure <br>
+
fr:Procédure de déficit excessif <br>
+
nl:Procedure bij buitensporige tekorten <br>
+
de:Verfahren bei einem übermäßigen Defizit </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Proceso de Barcelono </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Barcelona Process <br>
+
fr:Processus de Barcelone <br>
+
nl:Proces van Barcelona </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Profundigo;<br>
+
Profundiĝo&nbsp;<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Deepening <br>
+
fr:Approfondissement <br>
+
nl:Verdieping <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>Deepening refers to the integration dynamic present from the
+
outset of the European venture. Through the customs union, the internal
+
market, and then the Euro zone, the European Communities have grown
+
into what aspires to be an "ever closer union" among the peoples of
+
Europe (Article 1 of the EU Treaty). Deepening is a process parallel
+
to, and often viewed as a necessary step prior to, enlargement.</p>
+
<p>In this spirit it has been decided to reform the main
+
Community policies (common agricultural policy and structural policy)
+
and the workings of the institutions to create a favourable context for
+
new Member States to join the European Union.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Programo de komunuma helpo al
+
landoj de centra kaj orienta Eŭropo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Programme of Community aid to
+
the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (Phare) <br>
+
fr:Programme d'aide communautaire aux pays d'Europe centrale
+
et orientale (Phare) <br>
+
nl:Programma voor bijstand aan de Midden- en Oost-Europeselanden
+
(Phare) <br>
+
de:Phare (Gemeinschaftliches Hilfsprogramm für Länder in
+
Mittel-und
+
Osteuropa) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">proporcia elektado<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:election with proportional
+
representation<br>
+
fr:élection à la proportionnelle<br>
+
nl:<br>
+
de:</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Propraj rimedoj/ resursoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Own resources <br>
+
fr:Ressources propres <br>
+
nl:Eigen middelen <br>
+
de:Eigenmittel </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">protokolo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Protocol. <br>
+
fr:protocole </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Protokolo de Kioto </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Kyoto Protocol <br>
+
fr:Protocole de Kyoto <br>
+
nl:Protocol van Kyoto <br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">publika sano </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:public health <br>
+
fr:santé publique </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Publika servo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Public service <br>
+
fr:Service public <br>
+
nl:Openbare dienst <br>
+
de:Oeffentlicher Dienst </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Publikaj komisioj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Public procurement <br>
+
fr:Marchés publics <br>
+
nl:Overheidsopdrachten <br>
+
de:Oeffentliche Aufträge </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Publiksana politiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Public health <br>
+
fr:Santé publique <br>
+
nl:Volksgezondheid <br>
+
de:Gesundheitspolitik </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Publikserva ĉarto </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Public service charter <br>
+
fr:Charte des services publics <br>
+
nl:Handvest van de openbare diensten <br>
+
de:Charta der öffentlichen Dienste </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">rajtoj kaj devontigoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:rights and obligations <br>
+
fr:droits et obligations </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">ratifo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:ratification <br>
+
fr:ratification </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Regado </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Governance <br>
+
fr:Gouvernance <br>
+
nl:Governance <br>
+
de:Regieren </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">registaro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:government <br>
+
fr:gourvernement </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Reglamentara kadro por kemiaĵoj
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:REACH (regulatory framework
+
for chemicals) <br>
+
fr:REACH : cadre réglementaire pour les produits chimiques <br>
+
nl:Reach: regelgevingskader voor chemische stoffen <br>
+
de:REACH: Rechtsrahmen für chemische Stoffe </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">rekomendo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:recommendations <br>
+
fr: recommandations </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Renovigita NATO&nbsp;<br>
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:'New-look' NATO <br>
+
fr:OTAN 'rénovée' <br>
+
nl:NAVO "vernieuwde" <br>
+
de:'Erneuerte' NATO </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> Renovigita NATO (Organizaĵo de
+
Nord-Atlantika Traktato) temas pri procezo de redifino de la misioj kaj
+
funkciado de NATO. Tiuj procezo karakteriziĝas per rekono de Eŭropa
+
identeco pri defendo, per fortigo de la Eŭropa komponanto de la
+
transatlantika sekurecsistemo, per nova rolo de la OEU (Orienta Eŭropa
+
Unio), kaj per perspektivo&nbsp; de&nbsp; plivastiĝo de NATO al
+
Oriento. <br>
+
Tiu procezo estas akompanata de plifortigo de NATO-rilatoj kun aliaj
+
landoj tra partneradoj por paco kaj tra la nord-atlantika
+
Kunlaboro-Konsilio (NAKK). Grava defio tiurilate estas starigi&nbsp;
+
firman, stabilan kaj daŭran partneradon kun Rusio kaj Ukrajno. </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">reprezenta demokratio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:representative democracy <br>
+
fr:démocratie représentative </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Reverkado de leĝdonaj tekstoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Recasting of legislation <br>
+
fr:Refonte des textes législatifs <br>
+
nl:Omwerking van wetgevingsteksten <br>
+
de:Neufassung der Rechtsvorschriften </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Revizio de la traktatoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Revision of the Treaties <br>
+
fr:Révision des traités <br>
+
nl:Herziening van de verdragen <br>
+
de:Aenderung der Verträge </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Revizora Kortumo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the Court of Auditors <br>
+
fr: la Cour des comptes </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Rura(?) evoluigo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Rural development <br>
+
fr:Développement rural <br>
+
nl:Plattelandsontwikkeling <br>
+
de:Ländliche Entwicklung </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>Rural development is the second pillar of the common
+
agricultural policy (CAP). It is in line with the Lisbon objective on
+
competitiveness and the Gothenburg objective on sustainability and
+
focuses on four fundamental areas:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>the competitiveness of agriculture, food products and
+
forestry;</li>
+
<li>land management and the environment;</li>
+
<li>quality of life and diversification in rural areas;</li>
+
<li>the Leader Community initiative.</li>
+
</ul>
+
<p>Competitiveness is to be improved through measures targeting
+
human and physical capital and food products, including quality
+
production. Measures to protect natural resources and improve high
+
nature value farming and forestry systems and cultural landscapes are
+
being introduced. The quality of life in rural areas is being improved
+
by encouraging the diversification of economic activities and the
+
development of local infrastructure. Finally, the Leader initiative
+
promotes diversification of the economic activities of rural areas
+
through innovative, integrated local development schemes with an
+
emphasis on participation.</p>
+
<p>Rural development policy has its own integrated financing and
+
programming arrangements. The Council has drawn up a strategic approach
+
for the 2007-2013 period, which will be translated into national
+
strategic plans. As of 1 January 2007 all the measures will be financed
+
by a single fund: the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development
+
(EAFRD).</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Samcentraj rondoj/ cirkloj? </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Concentric circles <br>
+
fr:Cercles concentriques <br>
+
nl:Concentrische cirkels </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> This concept involves a Europe
+
made up of subsets of states which have achieved different levels of
+
integration. It is not confined just to the integration structure of
+
the European Union, and the idea has been expanded upon by a number of
+
prominent figures. Some of them talk of "the circle of shared law" (the
+
Union's Member States), the "adjacent circle" (the countries outside
+
the Union waiting to join it) and "more select circles" for the purpose
+
of greater cooperation (the currency circle, the defence circle and so
+
on). </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">sana financa administro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:sound financial management <br>
+
fr:bonne gestion financière </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">sankcio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
+
fr:sanction </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> "puno aŭ rekompenco sekvanta
+
ian moralan aŭ socian agon"(Reta Vortaro, <http: revo="">; ne
+
registrita ĉi-sence en NP1V) </http:> </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Screening (antaŭaliĝa
+
esplorado)
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Screening <br>
+
fr: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Servoj pri ĝenerala ekonomia
+
intereso</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Services of general economic
+
interest <br>
+
fr:Services d'intérêt économique
+
général <br>
+
nl:Diensten van algemeen economisch belang<br>
+
de:Dienstleistungen von allgemeinem wirtschaftlichem Interesse </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Simpligo de juraj tekstoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Consolidation of legislation
+
- informal/declaratory <br>
+
fr:Consolidation des textes législatifs <br>
+
nl:Consolidatie van wetteksten </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Sociala dialogo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Social dialogue <br>
+
fr:Dialogue social <br>
+
nl:Sociale dialoog <br>
+
de:Sozialer Dialog </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Sociala politiko </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Social policy <br>
+
fr:Politique sociale <br>
+
nl:Sociale politiek <br>
+
de:Sozialpolitik </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Sociala ĉarto (ĉarto de la
+
fundamentaj socialaj rajtoj de dungitoj) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Social Charter (Charter of
+
the Fundamental Social RightsofWorkers) <br>
+
fr:Charte sociale (charte des droits sociaux fondamentaux
+
des travailleurs) <br>
+
nl:Sociaal handvest (handvest van de sociale grondrechten van
+
de werkenden) <br>
+
de:Sozialcharta (Charta der sozialen Grundrechte der&nbsp;Arbeitnehmer)
+
</td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Socialaj partneroj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Social partners <br>
+
fr:Partenaires sociaux <br>
+
nl:Sociale partners <br>
+
de:Sozialpartner </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Stabileca kaj kresk(ig)a pakto </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Stability and Growth Pact <br>
+
fr:Pacte de stabilité et de croissance <br>
+
nl:Stabiliteits- en groeipact <br>
+
de:Stabilitäts- und Wachstumspakt </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Stabiliga kaj unuiga procezo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Stabilisation and Association
+
Process <br>
+
fr:Processus de stabilisation et d'association <br>
+
nl:Stabilisatie- en associatieproces <br>
+
de:Stabilisierungs- und Assoziierungsprozess </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Statuto de la eŭropaj
+
delegitoj/parlamentanoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Statute for Members of the
+
European Parliament <br>
+
fr:Statut des députés européens <br>
+
nl:Statuut van de Europese afgevaardigden <br>
+
de:Statut der Abgeordneten des Europäischen Parlaments </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Statutoj de la eŭropaj
+
politikaj
+
partioj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:European political parties <br>
+
fr:Statut des partis politiques européens <br>
+
nl:Statuut van de Europese politieke partijen <br>
+
de:Satzung der europäischen politischen Parteien </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Strukturfonduso kaj
+
koherofonduso </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Structural Funds and Cohesion
+
Fund <br>
+
fr:Fonds structurels et Fonds de cohésion <br>
+
nl:Structuurfondsen en Cohesiefonds <br>
+
de:Strukturfonds und Kohäsionsfonds </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Subsidiaraj?
+
kompetencoj(?)povoj? </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Subsidiary powers <br>
+
fr:Compétences subsidiaires <br>
+
nl:Subsidiaire bevoegdheden <br>
+
de:Subsidiäre Zuständigkeit </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">
+
<p>Article 308 of the Treaty establishing the European Community
+
(EC Treaty) provides a measure of flexibility with regard to the
+
Community's areas of competence. It thus allows the Community's powers
+
to be adjusted to the objectives laid down by the Treaty when the
+
latter has not provided the powers of action necessary to attain them. </p>
+
<p>Article 308 of the EC Treaty thus cannot be used as a legal
+
basis unless the following conditions are met:</p>
+
<ul>
+
<li>the action envisaged is "necessary to attain, in the
+
operation of the common market, one of the objectives of the Community";</li>
+
<li>no provision in the Treaty provides for action to attain
+
the objective.</li>
+
</ul>
+
<p>Moreover, it is for the Council of the European Union, acting
+
unanimously on a proposal from the Commission and after consulting the
+
European Parliament, to decide whether this Article should be used.</p>
+
<p>Article 308 thus reflects awareness on the part of those who
+
drafted the Treaty of Rome that the powers specifically conferred
+
(functional competence) might not be adequate for the purpose of
+
attaining the objectives expressly set by the Treaties themselves (<i>competence
+
ratione materiae</i>). It cannot in any circumstances be used as a
+
basis for extending the areas of competence of the Community.</p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">subsidiareco </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Subsidiarity <br>
+
fr:Subsidiarité <br>
+
nl:Subsidiariteit <br>
+
de:Subsidiarität </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">La vortaro New Shorter Oxford
+
English Dictionary, 1993, diraske la termino envenis la anglan el la
+
germana, meze de la 20-a jc. Ĝidifinas subsidiarecon kiel "la
+
principon
+
laŭ kiu centra autoritatodevus havi subsidiaran funkcion, plenumante
+
nur tiujn taskojn kiuj nepovas esti efike plenumataj ĉe pli rekta au
+
loka nivela". </td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Suspenda klaŭzo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Suspension clause <br>
+
fr:Clause de suspension <br>
+
nl:Schorsingsclausule <br>
+
de:Suspensionsklausel </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">TAIEX (Technical Assistance and
+
Information Exchange) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:TAIEX (Technical Assistance
+
Information Exchange) <br>
+
fr:TAIEX (Technical Assistance and Information Exchange) (!ĉiulingve!)
+
<br>
+
de: </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> La Programo de Teknika Helpo
+
kaj de interŝanĝo de Informoj (TAIEX) celas helpi instituciojn dum
+
misioj je mallonga tempolimo, kaj aplikiĝas en okazoj de alpreno aŭ
+
efektivigo de komunuma havaĵo. Tiu programo estis funkcianta ekde
+
1996,&nbsp; kaj ĝiaj respondecoj kaj agterenoj multe plivastiĝis ekde
+
tiam.<br>
+
<p> TAIEX helpo celas&nbsp; kandidatlandojn, aliĝantajn landojn
+
kadre de la antaŭ-aliĝa strategio kaj provprocezo, la dek novajn
+
Membroŝtatoj kaj la landojn de la Okcidentaj Balkanoj. </p>
+
<p> </p>
+
TAIEX ankaŭ celas la landojn kiuj partoprenas al la Eŭropa
+
najbarpolitiko kaj al Rusio, al kiuj ĝi helpas dum redaktado kaj
+
efektivigado de iliajn leĝjon konforme al ilia agoplanoj. <br>
+
<p> TAIEX centralizas petojn al helpo ambaŭ de publikaj
+
respondeculoj kaj de privata sektoro kaj faciligas la kontaktoj inter
+
la petantoj&nbsp; kaj la Membroŝtatoj. Ĝi disponigas fakulojn kaj
+
aranĝas kontrolesplorojn de samfakuloj, studo- aŭ takso-vizitoj,
+
seminarioj, laborkunvenoj kaj trejnkunsidoj. Ĝi ankaŭ helpas traduki
+
leĝojn kaj de fakaj informbankoj kaj provizas informojn pri la
+
harmanizado de leĝoj. </p>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Taskoj de Petersberg </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Petersberg tasks <br>
+
fr:Missions de Petersberg <br>
+
nl:Petersbergtaken <br>
+
de:Petersberger Aufgaben </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Telekomunikado </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Telecommunications <br>
+
fr:Télécommunications <br>
+
nl:Telecommunicatie <br>
+
de:Telekommunikation </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Televido sen limoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Television without frontiers <br>
+
fr:Télévision sans frontières <br>
+
nl:Televisie zonder grenzen <br>
+
de:Fernsehen ohne Grenzen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Traktato de Amsterdamo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Treaty of Amsterdam <br>
+
fr:Traité d'Amsterdam <br>
+
nl:Verdrag van Amsterdam <br>
+
de:Vertrag von Amsterdam </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Traktato de Nico </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Treaty of Nice <br>
+
fr:Traité de Nice <br>
+
nl:Verdrag van Nice <br>
+
de:Vertrag von Nizza </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Traktato pri Estigo de Eŭropa
+
Konstitucio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Treaty establishing
+
a Constitution for Europe <br>
+
fr:TRAITE ÉTABLISSANT UNE CONSTITUTION POUR L’EUROPE </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Traktatoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Treaties <br>
+
fr:Traités <br>
+
nl:Verdragen <br>
+
de:Verträge </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Travideblco de la agoj de
+
lakonsilio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Transparency of Council
+
proceedings <br>
+
fr:Transparence des travaux du Conseil <br>
+
nl:Doorzichtigheid van de werkzaamheden van de Raad <br>
+
de:Transparenz der Arbeit des Rates </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Travidebleco (dokumentaliro) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Transparency (access to
+
documents) <br>
+
fr:Transparence (accès aux documents) <br>
+
nl:Doorzichtigheid (toegang tot documenten) <br>
+
de:Transparenz (Zugang zu den Dokumenten) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Triopo (reprezentantaro de EU) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Troïka <br>
+
fr:Troïka <br>
+
nl:Trojka <br>
+
de:Troika </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Tuteŭropa retaro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Trans-European Networks (TEN)
+
<br>
+
fr:Réseaux transeuropéens (RTE) <br>
+
nl:Trans-Europese netwerken (TEN) <br>
+
de:Transeuropäische Netze (TEN) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">tutmondiĝo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en: <br>
+
fr:mondialisation </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Universala servo </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Universal service <br>
+
fr:Service universel <br>
+
nl:Universele dienst <br>
+
de:Universaldienst </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Unua instanca tribunalo de la
+
eŭropaj komunumoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Court of First Instance of
+
the European Communities (CFI) <br>
+
fr:Tribunal de première instance des Communautés
+
européennes(TPICE) <br>
+
nl:Gerecht van eerste aanleg van de Europese Gemeenschappen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Unuanimeco (voĉdona) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Unanimity <br>
+
fr:Unanimité <br>
+
nl:Eenparigheid van stemmen <br>
+
de:Einstimmigkeit </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Unuforma voĉdona proceduro por
+
la eŭropa Parlamento </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Uniform electoral procedure
+
for the European Parliament <br>
+
fr:Procédure électorale uniforme au Parlement
+
européen <br>
+
nl:Eenvormige verkiezingsprocedure voor het Europees Parlement <br>
+
de:Einheitliches Wahlverfahren zum Europäischen Parlament </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Unuiĝinta en sia diverseco </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:united in its diversity <br>
+
fr:Unie dans sa diversité </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Unuopa institucia kadro </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Single institutional
+
framework <br>
+
fr:Cadre institutionnel unique <br>
+
nl:Institutioneel kader (één) <br>
+
de:Einheitlicher institutioneller Rahmen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Verdlibroj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Green Paper <br>
+
fr:Livres verts <br>
+
nl:Groenboeken <br>
+
de:Grünbücher </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Vivmedia responso </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Environmental liability <br>
+
fr:Responsabilité environnementale <br>
+
nl:Milieuaansprakelijkheid <br>
+
de:Umwelthaftung </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Vivmedio </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Environment <br>
+
fr:Environnement <br>
+
nl:Milieu <br>
+
de:Umwelt </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Ĉarto de fundamentaj rajtoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Charter of Fundamental Rights
+
<br>
+
fr:Charte des droits fondamentaux <br>
+
nl:Handvest van de grondrechten </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">ĉarto </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:charter. <br>
+
fr:charte </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">ĝenerala advokato </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Advocate-General <br>
+
fr:avocatgénéral </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Ŝengen (Interkonsento kaj
+
konvencio) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:Schengen (Agreement and
+
Convention) <br>
+
fr:Schengen (accord et convention) <br>
+
nl:Schengen (akkoord en uitvoeringsovereenkomst) <br>
+
de:Schengen (Abkommen und Übereinkommen) </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">Ŝtatsubteno </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:State aid <br>
+
fr:Aides d'État <br>
+
nl:Overheidssteun <br>
+
de:Staatliche Beihilfen </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">ŝtatanoj </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;">en:the nationals of that State; <br>
+
fr:les ressortissants de cet État </td>
+
<td style="vertical-align: top;"> <br>
+
</td>
+
</tr>
+
 
+
</table>
+

Kiel registrite je 10:17, 27 Jun. 2010

xkpz ajytdhm wqdxcpl yvzanihdx xeskdyg ntco lnipja